‘Very risky’: Israel faces months-long campaign against Hamas Gaza tunnels

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“One of the main efforts of Hamas for the past 17 years was digging tunnels that would make them resilient, this was not a side activity,” said Andreas Krieg, associate professor at the defence studies department at King’s College London. And what works above ground, does not underneath. “Israel has the technology advantage for everything, but they have been lured into a low-technology war where that competitive advantage is undone the moment they have to go underground,” he added.

“Hamas started to build up a city below the city knowing that if they would start an armed resistance they would have been able to retaliate and they would have been able to do this underground,” said Krieg.

“It’s a process that requires a lot of time and it’s very risky,” said Krieg. Other options used in the past have included pouring wet cement or sewage, as Egypt did in 2013 along its border, inside tunnels. But these techniques wouldn’t work if the tunnels have multiple entries and exits.

Period13 Nov 2023
Held atAl Jazeera, Qatar