Michael Malim

Michael Malim


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Personal profile

Research interests

Michael Malim received his DPhil in Biochemistry from Oxford University in 1987, and then moved to Duke University in North Carolina to train as a virologist working on HIV-1, the virus that causes AIDS. A major focus of his post-doctoral research was the post-transcriptional control of gene expression, where he showed that the HIV-1 Rev protein is a sequence-specific activator of unspliced viral RNA nucleocytoplasmic export – an essential prerequisite for subsequent viral protein expression and particle production.

In 1992, Michael joined the faculty of the Departments of Microbiology and Medicine at the University of Pennsylvania. His group became particularly interested in a hitherto obscure HIV-1 protein, Vif, a potent regulator of viral infectivity. Through classical cell-fusion experiments and studies undertaken in cells of different primate species, they proposed that Vif acts by suppressing an innate immune mechanism residing in human cells. A comparative transcriptomic strategy using cDNA subtraction led to the identification, in 2002, of the human protein APOBEC3G as an anti-viral protein specifically targeted by Vif. Subsequent work revealed that APOBEC3G inhibits HIV-1 infection by: 1) hypermutating viral cDNA by excessive cytidine deamination, and 2) interfering with viral cDNA synthesis (i.e., reverse transcription), thus defining a novel mechanism of innate immunity.

Michael returned to the UK in 2001 to establish the Department of Infectious Diseases at King’s College London, and is currently Head of the School of Immunology & Microbial Sciences. The lab continues to work on the molecular pathogenesis of virus infections of importance to global health, particularly HIV-1 and influenza A virus, and embraces a broad range of molecular genetic, cultured cell, biochemical, structural, bioinformatic and cohort-based methods to study fundamental principles of virus replication and host-mediated control.

Michael has delivered many named lectures, received an Elizabeth Glaser Pediatric AIDS Foundation Scientist Award in 2001 and was awarded the 2010 M Jeang Retrovirology Prize. He was elected as a Fellow of the Academy of Medical Sciences (FMedSci) in 2003, as a Member of the European Molecular Biology Organisation (EMBO) in 2005, and as a Fellow of the Royal Society (FRS) in 2007. He has served on numerous grant and fellowship review panels in the US and Europe, is a Section Editor for the Open Access journal PLoS Pathogens, and an Editor for Virology.

Research interests (short)

Pathogenic human viruses; host interactions; innate immunity; HIV; influenza virus

Expertise related to UN Sustainable Development Goals

In 2015, UN member states agreed to 17 global Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) to end poverty, protect the planet and ensure prosperity for all. This person’s work contributes towards the following SDG(s):

  • SDG 3 - Good Health and Well-being


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