14-3-3 Proteins Interact with a Hybrid Prenyl-Phosphorylation Motif to Inhibit G Proteins

Philippe Riou, Svend Kjaer, Ritu Garg, Andrew Purkiss, Roger George, Robert J. Cain, Ganka Bineva, Nicolas Reymond, Brad McColl, Andrew J. Thompson, Nicola O'Reilly, Neil Q. McDonald, Peter J. Parker*, Anne J. Ridley

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

84 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Signaling through G proteins normally involves conformational switching between GTP- and GDP-bound states. Several Rho GTPases are also regulated by RhoGDI binding and sequestering in the cytosol. Rnd proteins are atypical constitutively GTP- bound Rho proteins, whose regulation remains elusive. Here, we report a high-affinity 14-3-3-binding site at the C terminus of Rnd3 consisting of both the Cys241-farnesyl moiety and a Rho-associated coiled coil containing protein kinase (ROCK)-dependent Ser240 phosphorylation site. 14-3-3-binding to Rnd3 also involves phosphorylation of Ser218 by ROCK and/or Ser210 by protein kinase C (PKC). The crystal structure of a phosphorylated, farnesylated Rnd3 peptide with 14-3-3 reveals a hydrophobic groove in 14-3-3 proteins accommodating the farnesyl moiety. Functionally, 14-3-3 inhibits Rnd3-induced cell rounding by translocating it from the plasma membrane to the cytosol. Rnd1, Rnd2, and geranylgeranylated Rap1A interact similarly with 14-3-3. In contrast to the canonical GTP/GDP switch that regulates most Ras superfamily members, our results reveal an unprecedented mechanism for G protein inhibition by 14-3-3 proteins.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)640-653
Number of pages14
JournalCell
Volume153
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 25 Apr 2013

Keywords

  • BINDING
  • ORGANIZATION
  • CAAX MOTIF
  • RAP1A
  • GTPASES
  • CELL-MIGRATION
  • CYTOSKELETON
  • KINASE
  • RHO-FAMILY
  • RAS

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