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32P-postlabeling analysis of DNA adducts

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationMolecular toxicology protocols
EditorsPhouthone Keohavong, Stephen G. Grant
Place of PublicationTotowa, New Jersey
PublisherHumana Press
Number of pages10
ISBN (Electronic)1592598404, 9781592598403
ISBN (Print)1588290840, 9781588290847
Publication statusPublished - 2005

Publication series

NameMethods in Molecular Biology
PublisherHumana Press
ISSN (Print)1064-3745
ISSN (Electronic)1940-6029

King's Authors


32P-Postlabeling analysis is an ultrasensitive method for the detection of DNA adducts, such as those formed directly by the covalent binding of carcinogens and mutagens to bases in DNA, as well as other DNA lesions resulting from modification of bases by endogenous or exogenous agents (e.g., oxidative damage). The procedure involves four main steps: enzymatic digestion of a DNA sample; enrichment of the adducts; radiolabeling of the adducts by T4 kinase-catalyzed transference of 32P-orthophosphate from [gamma-32P]ATP; and chromatographic separation of labeled adducts and detection and quantification by means of their radioactive decay. Using 10 microg or less of DNA, this technique is capable of detecting adduct levels as low as one adduct in 10(9)-10(10) normal nucleotides. It is applicable to a wide range of investigations, including monitoring human exposure to environmental or occupational carcinogens, determining whether a chemical has genotoxic properties, analysis of the genotoxicity of complex mixtures, elucidation of the activation pathways of carcinogens, and monitoring of DNA repair.

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