3D free-breathing cardiac magnetic resonance fingerprinting

Gastão Cruz*, Olivier Jaubert, Haikun Qi, Aurélien Bustin, Giorgia Milotta, Torben Schneider, Peter Koken, Mariya Doneva, René M. Botnar, Claudia Prieto

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

36 Citations (Scopus)


Purpose: To develop a novel respiratory motion compensated three-dimensional (3D) cardiac magnetic resonance fingerprinting (cMRF) approach for whole-heart myocardial T1 and T2 mapping from a free-breathing scan. Methods: Two-dimensional (2D) cMRF has been recently proposed for simultaneous, co-registered T1 and T2 mapping from a breath-hold scan; however, coverage is limited. Here we propose a novel respiratory motion compensated 3D cMRF approach for whole-heart myocardial T1 and T2 tissue characterization from a free-breathing scan. Variable inversion recovery and T2 preparation modules are used for parametric encoding, respiratory bellows driven localized autofocus is proposed for beat-to-beat translation motion correction and a subspace regularized reconstruction is employed to accelerate the scan. The proposed 3D cMRF approach was evaluated in a standardized T1/T2 phantom in comparison with reference spin echo values and in 10 healthy subjects in comparison with standard 2D MOLLI, SASHA and T2-GraSE mapping techniques at 1.5 T. Results: 3D cMRF T1 and T2 measurements were generally in good agreement with reference spin echo values in the phantom experiments, with relative errors of 2.9% and 3.8% for T1 and T2 (T2 < 100 ms), respectively. in vivo left ventricle (LV) myocardial T1 values were 1054 ± 19 ms for MOLLI, 1146 ± 20 ms for SASHA and 1093 ± 24 ms for the proposed 3D cMRF; corresponding T2 values were 51.8 ± 1.6 ms for T2-GraSE and 44.6 ± 2.0 ms for 3D cMRF. LV coefficients of variation were 7.6 ± 1.6% for MOLLI, 12.1 ± 2.7% for SASHA and 5.8 ± 0.8% for 3D cMRF T1, and 10.5 ± 1.4% for T2-GraSE and 11.7 ± 1.6% for 3D cMRF T2. Conclusion: The proposed 3D cMRF can provide whole-heart, simultaneous and co-registered T1 and T2 maps with accuracy and precision comparable to those of clinical standards in a single free-breathing scan of about 7 min.

Original languageEnglish
Article numbere4370
JournalNMR in Biomedicine
Issue number10
Publication statusPublished - 1 Oct 2020


  • 3D whole heart
  • low rank
  • MR fingerprinting
  • myocardial tissue characterization
  • quantitative cardiac MRI
  • T map

Cite this