3D Perceptual Soundfield Reconstruction via Virtual Microphone Synthesis

Ege Erdem, Zoran Cvetkovic, Huseyin Hacihabiboglu

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

107 Downloads (Pure)


Perceptual soundfield reconstruction (PSR) is a multichannel audio recording and reproduction framework based on time-intensity panning in the horizontal plane. A practical limitation of PSR is that the optimal directivity patterns required by the system cannot be trivially and precisely obtained in practice, and it is limited to the horizontal plane. This paper extends the horizontal PSR to three dimensions and proposes a virtual microphone synthesis approach to obtain the PSR directivity pattern via sound field extrapolation. The proposed 3D extension and virtual microphone synthesis are evaluated using numerical simulations and a subjective localisation test. Comparisons with second-order Ambisonics rendering indicate that subjects localise sources rendered using 3D PSR more accurately and also with a higher certainty, particularly at an off- centre listening position for the low-channel count reproduction system employed.
Original languageEnglish
Number of pages13
JournalIEEE/ACM Transactions on Audio, Speech, and Language Processing
Publication statusAccepted/In press - 24 Feb 2023


Dive into the research topics of '3D Perceptual Soundfield Reconstruction via Virtual Microphone Synthesis'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this