4α-phorbol 12,13-didecanoate activates cultured mouse dorsal root ganglia neurons independently of TRPV4

R. Alexander, A. Kerby, A. A. Aubdool, A. R. Power, S. Grover, C. Gentry, A. D. Grant*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

38 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Background and Purpose: The Ca2+-permeable cation channel TRPV4 is activated by mechanical disturbance of the cell membrane and is implicated in mechanical hyperalgesia. Nerve growth factor (NGF) is increased during inflammation and causes mechanical hyperalgesia. 4a-phorbol 12,13-didecanoate (4aPDD) has been described as a selective TRPV4 agonist. We investigated NGF-induced hyperalgesia in TRPV4 wild-type (+/+) and knockout (/) mice, and the increases in [Ca2+]i produced by 4aPDD in cultured mouse dorsal root ganglia neurons following exposure to NGF. Experimental Approach: Withdrawal thresholds to heat, von Frey hairs and pressure were measured in mice before and after systemic administration of NGF. Changes in intracellular Ca2+ concentration were measured by ratiometric imaging with Fura-2 in cultured DRG and trigeminal ganglia (TG) neurons during perfusion of TRPV4 agonists. Key Results: Administration of NGF caused a significant sensitization to heat and von Frey stimuli in TRPV4 +/+ and / mice, but only TRPV4 +/+ mice showed sensitization to noxious pressure. 4aPDD stimulated a dose-dependent increase in [Ca2+]i in neurons from +/+ and / mice, with the proportion of responding neurons and magnitude of increase unaffected by the genotype. In contrast, the selective TRPV4 agonist GSK1016790A failed to stimulate an increase in intracellular Ca2+ in cultured neurons. Responses to 4aPDD were unaffected by pretreatment with NGF. Conclusions and Implications: TRPV4 contributes to mechanosensation in vivo, but there is little evidence for functional TRPV4 in cultured DRG and TG neurons. We conclude that 4aPDD activates these neurons independently of TRPV4, so it is not appropriate to refer to 4aPDD as a selective TRPV4 agonist.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)761-772
Number of pages12
JournalBritish Journal of Pharmacology
Volume168
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Feb 2013

Keywords

  • TRPV4
  • sensory neuron
  • hyperalgesia
  • RECEPTOR POTENTIAL VANILLOID-4
  • CATION CHANNEL TRPV4
  • ION CHANNELS
  • MECHANICAL HYPERALGESIA
  • EPITHELIAL-CELLS
  • CALCIUM INFLUX
  • MICE
  • EXPRESSION
  • PAIN
  • HYPERSENSITIVITY

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