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A compact city for the wealthy? Employment accessibility inequalities between occupational classes in the London metropolitan region 2011

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A compact city for the wealthy? Employment accessibility inequalities between occupational classes in the London metropolitan region 2011. / Smith, Duncan; Shen, Yao; Barros, Joana; Zhong, Chen; Batty, Michael; Giannotti, Mariana.

In: Journal Of Transport Geography, Vol. 86, 102767, 06.2020.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Harvard

Smith, D, Shen, Y, Barros, J, Zhong, C, Batty, M & Giannotti, M 2020, 'A compact city for the wealthy? Employment accessibility inequalities between occupational classes in the London metropolitan region 2011', Journal Of Transport Geography, vol. 86, 102767. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jtrangeo.2020.102767

APA

Smith, D., Shen, Y., Barros, J., Zhong, C., Batty, M., & Giannotti, M. (2020). A compact city for the wealthy? Employment accessibility inequalities between occupational classes in the London metropolitan region 2011. Journal Of Transport Geography, 86, [102767]. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jtrangeo.2020.102767

Vancouver

Smith D, Shen Y, Barros J, Zhong C, Batty M, Giannotti M. A compact city for the wealthy? Employment accessibility inequalities between occupational classes in the London metropolitan region 2011. Journal Of Transport Geography. 2020 Jun;86. 102767. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jtrangeo.2020.102767

Author

Smith, Duncan ; Shen, Yao ; Barros, Joana ; Zhong, Chen ; Batty, Michael ; Giannotti, Mariana. / A compact city for the wealthy? Employment accessibility inequalities between occupational classes in the London metropolitan region 2011. In: Journal Of Transport Geography. 2020 ; Vol. 86.

Bibtex Download

@article{f6c73210cd6d4dd3b8b162758b68ecb3,
title = "A compact city for the wealthy? Employment accessibility inequalities between occupational classes in the London metropolitan region 2011",
abstract = "The prevalence of gentrification and housing marketisation processes in many cities points to increasingly wealthy inner-city areas and potentially greater population segregation by income. It is plausible that these trends are contributing to regional accessibility inequalities, though quantitative research testing this link is limited. This paper examines differences in employment accessibility between Standard Occupational Classification groups in the London Metropolitan Region for 2011 for car, transit, bus only and walking modes. Additionally, changes in occupational class populations 2006–2016 are considered, revealing continuing inner-city gentrification. Employment accessibility is calculated using cumulative measures, based on travel times from multi-modal network modelling. The results show that while car accessibility is relatively equal between occupational classes, public transport, bus and walk accessibility have significant inequalities favouring professional classes. Low income groups have lower accessibility for the most affordable bus and walk modes, and inequalities are greater for residents in the wider metropolitan region. Furthermore, professional groups combine accessibility advantages with the highest rates of owner occupation, maximising housing wealth benefits. Lower income groups are exposed to rent increases, though this is offset by social housing, which remains the most prevalent tenure in Inner London for low income classes.",
author = "Duncan Smith and Yao Shen and Joana Barros and Chen Zhong and Michael Batty and Mariana Giannotti",
year = "2020",
month = jun,
doi = "10.1016/j.jtrangeo.2020.102767",
language = "English",
volume = "86",
journal = "Journal Of Transport Geography",
issn = "0966-6923",
publisher = "Elsevier BV",

}

RIS (suitable for import to EndNote) Download

TY - JOUR

T1 - A compact city for the wealthy? Employment accessibility inequalities between occupational classes in the London metropolitan region 2011

AU - Smith, Duncan

AU - Shen, Yao

AU - Barros, Joana

AU - Zhong, Chen

AU - Batty, Michael

AU - Giannotti, Mariana

PY - 2020/6

Y1 - 2020/6

N2 - The prevalence of gentrification and housing marketisation processes in many cities points to increasingly wealthy inner-city areas and potentially greater population segregation by income. It is plausible that these trends are contributing to regional accessibility inequalities, though quantitative research testing this link is limited. This paper examines differences in employment accessibility between Standard Occupational Classification groups in the London Metropolitan Region for 2011 for car, transit, bus only and walking modes. Additionally, changes in occupational class populations 2006–2016 are considered, revealing continuing inner-city gentrification. Employment accessibility is calculated using cumulative measures, based on travel times from multi-modal network modelling. The results show that while car accessibility is relatively equal between occupational classes, public transport, bus and walk accessibility have significant inequalities favouring professional classes. Low income groups have lower accessibility for the most affordable bus and walk modes, and inequalities are greater for residents in the wider metropolitan region. Furthermore, professional groups combine accessibility advantages with the highest rates of owner occupation, maximising housing wealth benefits. Lower income groups are exposed to rent increases, though this is offset by social housing, which remains the most prevalent tenure in Inner London for low income classes.

AB - The prevalence of gentrification and housing marketisation processes in many cities points to increasingly wealthy inner-city areas and potentially greater population segregation by income. It is plausible that these trends are contributing to regional accessibility inequalities, though quantitative research testing this link is limited. This paper examines differences in employment accessibility between Standard Occupational Classification groups in the London Metropolitan Region for 2011 for car, transit, bus only and walking modes. Additionally, changes in occupational class populations 2006–2016 are considered, revealing continuing inner-city gentrification. Employment accessibility is calculated using cumulative measures, based on travel times from multi-modal network modelling. The results show that while car accessibility is relatively equal between occupational classes, public transport, bus and walk accessibility have significant inequalities favouring professional classes. Low income groups have lower accessibility for the most affordable bus and walk modes, and inequalities are greater for residents in the wider metropolitan region. Furthermore, professional groups combine accessibility advantages with the highest rates of owner occupation, maximising housing wealth benefits. Lower income groups are exposed to rent increases, though this is offset by social housing, which remains the most prevalent tenure in Inner London for low income classes.

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=85086717146&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1016/j.jtrangeo.2020.102767

DO - 10.1016/j.jtrangeo.2020.102767

M3 - Article

VL - 86

JO - Journal Of Transport Geography

JF - Journal Of Transport Geography

SN - 0966-6923

M1 - 102767

ER -

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