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A comparison of mental state examination documentation by junior clinicians in electronic health records before and after the introduction of a semi-structured assessment template (OPCRIT+)

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Sarah Elizabeth Margaret Lobo, James Rucker, Madeleine Kerr, Fidel Gallo, Giles Constable, Matthew Hugo Hotopf, Robert James Stewart, Matthew Broadbent, Martin Baggaley, Simon H Lovestone, Peter McGuffin, Jithani Myanthi Amarasinghe, Stuart Newman, Gunter Schumann, Philip Brittain

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)675-682
Number of pages8
JournalInternational Journal of Medical Informatics
Issue number9
Early online date19 May 2015
E-pub ahead of print19 May 2015
Published1 Sep 2015

King's Authors


Objectives The mental state examination (MSE) provides crucial information for healthcare professionals in the assessment and treatment of psychiatric patients as well as potentially providing valuable data for mental health researchers accessing electronic health records (EHRs). We wished to establish if improvements could be achieved in the documenting of MSEs by junior doctors within a large United Kingdom mental health trust following the introduction of an EHR based semi-structured MSE assessment template (OPCRIT+). Methods First, three consultant psychiatrists using a modified version of the Physician Documentation Quality Instrument-9 (PDQI-9) blindly rated fifty MSEs written using OPCRIT+ and fifty normal MSEs written with no template. Second, we conducted an audit to compare the frequency with which individual components of the MSE were documented in the normal MSEs compared with the OPCRIT + MSEs. Results PDQI-9 ratings indicated that the OPCRIT + MSEs were more ‘Thorough’, ‘Organized’, ‘Useful’ and ‘Comprehensible’ as well as being of an overall higher quality than the normal MSEs. The audit identified that the normal MSEs contained fewer mentions of the individual components of ‘Thought content’, ‘Anxiety’ and ‘Cognition & Insight’. Conclusions These results indicate that a semi-structured assessment template significantly improves the quality of MSE recording by junior doctors within EHRs. Future work should focus on whether such improvements translate into better patient outcomes and have the ability to improve the quality of information available on EHRs to researchers.

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