A Comprehensive Survey on Hybrid Communication in Context of Molecular Communication and Terahertz Communication for Body-Centric Nanonetworks

Ke Yang, Dadi Bi, Yansha Deng, Rui Zhang, Muhammad Mahboob Ur Rahman, Najah Abu Ali, Muhammad Ali Imran, Josep Miquel Jornet, Qammer H. Abbasi, Akram Alomainy

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

46 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

With the huge advancement of nanotechnology over the past years, the devices are shrinking into micro-scale, even nano-scale. Additionally, the Internet of nano-things (IoNTs) are generally regarded as the ultimate formation of the current sensor networks and the development of nanonetworks would be of great help to its fulfilment, which would be ubiquitous with numerous applications in all domains of life. However, the communication between the devices in such nanonetworks is still an open problem. Body-centric nanonetworks are believed to play an essential role in the practical application of IoNTs. BCNNs are also considered as domain specific like wireless sensor networks and always deployed on purpose to support a particular application. In these networks, electromagnetic and molecular communications are widely considered as two main promising paradigms and both follow their own development process. In this survey, the recent developments of these two paradigms are first illustrated in the aspects of applications, network structures, modulation techniques, coding techniques and security to then investigate the potential of hybrid communication paradigms. Meanwhile, the enabling technologies have been presented to apprehend the state-of-art with the discussion on the possibility of the hybrid technologies. Additionally, the inter-connectivity of electromagnetic and molecular body-centric nanonetworks is discussed. Afterwards, the related security issues of the proposed networks are discussed. Finally, the challenges and open research directions are presented.

Original languageEnglish
Article number9170555
Pages (from-to)107-133
Number of pages27
JournalIEEE Transactions on Molecular, Biological, and Multi-Scale Communications
Volume6
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Nov 2020

Keywords

  • Hybrid networks
  • Molecular communication
  • Nano-communication
  • Nano-technology
  • Terahertz

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