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A COMT gene haplotype associated with methamphetamine abuse

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Sarah K. Jugurnauth, Chih-Ken Chen, Michael R. Barnes, Tao Li, Shih-Ku Lin, Hsing-Cheng Liu, David A. Collier, Gerome Breen

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)731-740
Number of pages10
JournalPHARMACOGENETICS AND GENOMICS
Volume21
Issue number11
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Nov 2011

King's Authors

Abstract

Introduction: Methamphetamine (MAMP) use is highly associated with psychiatric disorders with 12–13% of MAMP-dependent patients experiencing psychotic symptoms. Substance abuse and dependence may primarily involve the mesolimbic pathway and dopaminergic brain structures. It follows that dopaminergic genes, particularly COMT (encoding catechol-O-methyltransferase) and its val158met polymorphism (rs4680), are natural candidates for susceptibility loci to addiction. We have previously found an association with rs4680 and MAMP addiction.

Methods: We present additional genotyping of rs165599 in 423 cases and 502 controls of a Taiwanese MAMP user sample. We carried out an in-silico evaluation of rs165599 for a possible impact on microRNA binding or UTR stability. We also carried out a review of transcript sequences across the COMT 3'UTR.

Results: Genotype counts were (cases/controls): AA 94/110, AG 198/210 and GG 93/109. There were no significant allele or genotype differences between cases and controls for rs165599. However, a haplotype main effect was detected using both rs4680 and rs165599 using the [chi]2-test in UNPHASED. The global P-value was P=0.0044 with the effect appearing to derive from one haplotype that is underrepresented in cases: A/G for rs4680/rs165599 (haplotype P=0.001). rs165599 is a single nucleotide polymorphism located in the COMT 3' untranslated region (UTR), a noncoding transcript region subject to posttranscriptional down-regulation by mechanisms such as microRNA binding. A review of transcript sequences across the COMT 3'UTR found evidence to suggest antisense interference of COMT from the 3'UTR of the neighbouring ‘Armadillo repeat gene deleted in velocardiofacial syndrome’ gene.

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