A current review of the uses of bioelectrical impedance analysis and bioelectrical impedance vector analysis in acute and chronic heart failure patients: an under-valued resource? An Under-valued Resource?

Jenjiratchaya Thanapholsart*, Ehsan Khan, Gerry Lee

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

7 Citations (Scopus)
72 Downloads (Pure)

Abstract

Background: There is a need to detect and prevent fluid overload and malnutrition in heart failure. Bioelectrical impedance analysis and bioelectrical impedance vector analysis are medical instruments that can advance heart failure management by generating values of body composition and body water, assisting clinicians to detect fluid and nutritional status. However, there is a lack of evidence to summarise on how they have been used among heart failure patients.
Method: A systematic search was conducted.
Result: Two hundred and four papers were screened. Forty-eight papers were reviewed, and 46 papers were included in this review. The literature shows that bioelectrical impedance analysis and bioelectrical impedance vector analysis were mostly used to assess fluid and nutritional status, together with diagnostic and prognostic values. Contraindication of using BIA and implications for practice are also demonstrated.
Conclusion: The findings suggest that bioelectrical impedance vector analysis is superior to bioelectrical impedance analysis when assessing hydration/nutritional status in heart failure. Assessing a patient using bioelectrical impedance analysis /bioelectrical impedance vector analysis together with natriuretic peptide -heart failure biomarkers- increases a diagnostic accuracy of heart failure. Further studies are required to examine the cost effectiveness of using these instruments in clinical practice.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)240-249
Number of pages10
JournalBIOLOGICAL RESEARCH FOR NURSING
Volume25
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Apr 2023

Keywords

  • bioelectrical impedance analysis
  • bioelectrical impedance vector analysis
  • BIVA
  • heart failure

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