A DFT Study on the O2 Adsorption Properties of Supported PtNi Clusters

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Abstract

We present a systematic study on the adsorption properties of molecular oxygen on Pt, Ni and PtNi clusters previously deposited on MgO(100) by means of density functional theory calculations. We map the different adsorption sites for a variety of cluster geometries, including icosahedra, decahedra, truncated octahedra and cuboctahedra, in the size range between 25–58 atoms. The average adsorption energy depends on the chemical composition, varying from 2 eV for pure Ni, 1.07 for pure Pt and 1.09 for a Pt shell Ni core nanoalloy. To correlate the adsorption map to the adsorption properties, we opt for a geometrical descriptor based on the metallic coordination up to the second coordination shell. We find an almost linear relationship between the second coordination shell and adsorption energy, with low coordination sites, such as those located at the (111)/(111) and (111)/(100) cluster edges-displaying adsorption energies above 1 eV, while higher coordination sites such as (111) cluster facets have an interaction of 0.4 eV or lower. The inclusion of van der Waals corrections leads to an overall increase of the O2 adsorption energy without an alteration of the general adsorption trends.
Original languageEnglish
JournalInorganics
Volume5
Early online date4 Jul 2017
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2017

Keywords

  • oxygen adsorption
  • pt nanoparticle

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