A fibre optic oxygen sensor that detects rapid PO2 changes under simulated conditions of cyclical atelectasis in vitro

Federico Formenti, Rongsheng Chen, Hanne McPeak, Martin Matejovic, Andrew D Farmery, Clive E W Hahn

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

29 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Two challenges in the management of Acute Respiratory Distress Syndrome are the difficulty in diagnosing cyclical atelectasis, and in individualising mechanical ventilation therapy in real-time. Commercial optical oxygen sensors can detect [Formula: see text] oscillations associated with cyclical atelectasis, but are not accurate at saturation levels below 90%, and contain a toxic fluorophore. We present a computer-controlled test rig, together with an in-house constructed ultra-rapid sensor to test the limitations of these sensors when exposed to rapidly changing [Formula: see text] in blood in vitro. We tested the sensors' responses to simulated respiratory rates between 10 and 60 breaths per minute. Our sensor was able to detect the whole amplitude of the imposed [Formula: see text] oscillations, even at the highest respiratory rate. We also examined our sensor's resistance to clot formation by continuous in vivo deployment in non-heparinised flowing animal blood for 24h, after which no adsorption of organic material on the sensor's surface was detectable by scanning electron microscopy.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1-8
Number of pages8
JournalRESPIRATORY PHYSIOLOGY AND NEUROBIOLOGY
Volume191
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 15 Jan 2014

Keywords

  • Analysis of Variance
  • Animals
  • Biological Clocks
  • Blood Coagulation
  • Blood Pressure
  • Computer Simulation
  • Fiber Optic Technology
  • In Vitro Techniques
  • Microscopy, Electron, Scanning
  • Oxygen
  • Partial Pressure
  • Pulmonary Atelectasis

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