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A functional site on the human TSH receptor: a potential therapeutic target in Graves' disease

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

A P Johnstone, J C Cridland, C R Da Costa, S S Nussey, P S Shepherd

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)437 - 441
Number of pages5
JournalClinical endocrinology
Volume59
Issue number4
DOIs
Published1 Oct 2003

King's Authors

Abstract

OBJECTIVE: Identifying sites on the TSH-receptor that are involved in the pathological stimulation of the thyroid by autoantibodies in Graves' disease would aid the development of new therapies. We tested a series of monoclonal antibodies that recognize the native receptor for their ability to inhibit stimulation of the receptor in vitro. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Heterologous cells expressing the recombinant human TSH-receptor were stimulated with TSH or serum samples from 13 Graves' disease patients or the MRC Long-Acting Thyroid Stimulator standard B (LATS-B) and their cAMP responses measured. The effect on this stimulation of various doses of purified monoclonal antibodies with defined epitopes was determined. RESULTS: Antibodies against one epitope (residues 381-384) inhibited TSH-stimulated cyclic adenosine monophosphate (cAMP) production (1 microg/ml causing 50% inhibition of the response to 100 microU/ml TSH) and also inhibited cAMP production induced by sera from approximately 40% (6/14) of Graves' disease patients, including the MRC LATS-B standard. CONCLUSIONS: Residues 381-384 of the human TSH-receptor are important in the physiological and pathological stimulation of the thyroid. This opens the possibility of more specific therapy of some Graves' disease patients by agents directed against this epitope

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