King's College London

Research portal

A guide to oral ulceration for the medical physician

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Rishi Goel, Martyn Ormond, Shalini Nayee, Esther A. Hullah, Jeremy D. Sanderson, Michael Escudier

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)337-342
Number of pages6
JournalBritish Journal of Hospital Medicine
Issue number6
Published1 Jun 2015

King's Authors


The clinical presentation of oral ulcers is varied, reflecting the diverse aetiological processes that can be involved in their development. However, all ulcers represent a breach in the epithelium that extends to the underlying lamina propria. In contrast, erosions are more superficial lesions, where there is an incomplete break in the epithelium which does not extend to the underlying connective tissue. Oral ulceration may arise entirely in isolation or in combination with systemic features. A thorough history, in conjunction with appropriate clinical examination, is vital to reach the correct diagnosis and thus enable appropriate management. In particular, it is important to distinguish between recurrent and non-recurrent ulceration as this guides further investigations and management.

View graph of relations

© 2020 King's College London | Strand | London WC2R 2LS | England | United Kingdom | Tel +44 (0)20 7836 5454