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A meta-review of “lifestyle psychiatry”: the role of exercise, smoking, diet and sleep in the prevention and treatment of mental disorders

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A meta-review of “lifestyle psychiatry” : the role of exercise, smoking, diet and sleep in the prevention and treatment of mental disorders. / Firth, Joseph; Solmi, Marco; Wootton, Robyn E.; Vancampfort, Davy; Schuch, Felipe B.; Hoare, Erin; Gilbody, Simon; Torous, John; Teasdale, Scott B.; Jackson, Sarah E.; Smith, Lee; Eaton, Melissa; Jacka, Felice N.; Veronese, Nicola; Marx, Wolfgang; Ashdown-Franks, Garcia; Siskind, Dan; Sarris, Jerome; Rosenbaum, Simon; Carvalho, André F.; Stubbs, Brendon.

In: World Psychiatry, Vol. 19, No. 3, 01.10.2020, p. 360-380.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Harvard

Firth, J, Solmi, M, Wootton, RE, Vancampfort, D, Schuch, FB, Hoare, E, Gilbody, S, Torous, J, Teasdale, SB, Jackson, SE, Smith, L, Eaton, M, Jacka, FN, Veronese, N, Marx, W, Ashdown-Franks, G, Siskind, D, Sarris, J, Rosenbaum, S, Carvalho, AF & Stubbs, B 2020, 'A meta-review of “lifestyle psychiatry”: the role of exercise, smoking, diet and sleep in the prevention and treatment of mental disorders', World Psychiatry, vol. 19, no. 3, pp. 360-380. https://doi.org/10.1002/wps.20773

APA

Firth, J., Solmi, M., Wootton, R. E., Vancampfort, D., Schuch, F. B., Hoare, E., Gilbody, S., Torous, J., Teasdale, S. B., Jackson, S. E., Smith, L., Eaton, M., Jacka, F. N., Veronese, N., Marx, W., Ashdown-Franks, G., Siskind, D., Sarris, J., Rosenbaum, S., ... Stubbs, B. (2020). A meta-review of “lifestyle psychiatry”: the role of exercise, smoking, diet and sleep in the prevention and treatment of mental disorders. World Psychiatry, 19(3), 360-380. https://doi.org/10.1002/wps.20773

Vancouver

Firth J, Solmi M, Wootton RE, Vancampfort D, Schuch FB, Hoare E et al. A meta-review of “lifestyle psychiatry”: the role of exercise, smoking, diet and sleep in the prevention and treatment of mental disorders. World Psychiatry. 2020 Oct 1;19(3):360-380. https://doi.org/10.1002/wps.20773

Author

Firth, Joseph ; Solmi, Marco ; Wootton, Robyn E. ; Vancampfort, Davy ; Schuch, Felipe B. ; Hoare, Erin ; Gilbody, Simon ; Torous, John ; Teasdale, Scott B. ; Jackson, Sarah E. ; Smith, Lee ; Eaton, Melissa ; Jacka, Felice N. ; Veronese, Nicola ; Marx, Wolfgang ; Ashdown-Franks, Garcia ; Siskind, Dan ; Sarris, Jerome ; Rosenbaum, Simon ; Carvalho, André F. ; Stubbs, Brendon. / A meta-review of “lifestyle psychiatry” : the role of exercise, smoking, diet and sleep in the prevention and treatment of mental disorders. In: World Psychiatry. 2020 ; Vol. 19, No. 3. pp. 360-380.

Bibtex Download

@article{6d90a68c7ccd442a8f79c74b296c12fb,
title = "A meta-review of “lifestyle psychiatry”: the role of exercise, smoking, diet and sleep in the prevention and treatment of mental disorders",
abstract = "There is increasing academic and clinical interest in how “lifestyle factors” traditionally associated with physical health may also relate to mental health and psychological well-being. In response, international and national health bodies are producing guidelines to address health behaviors in the prevention and treatment of mental illness. However, the current evidence for the causal role of lifestyle factors in the onset and prognosis of mental disorders is unclear. We performed a systematic meta-review of the top-tier evidence examining how physical activity, sleep, dietary patterns and tobacco smoking impact on the risk and treatment outcomes across a range of mental disorders. Results from 29 meta-analyses of prospective/cohort studies, 12 Mendelian randomization studies, two meta-reviews, and two meta-analyses of randomized controlled trials were synthesized to generate overviews of the evidence for targeting each of the specific lifestyle factors in the prevention and treatment of depression, anxiety and stress-related disorders, schizophrenia, bipolar disorder, and attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder. Standout findings include: a) convergent evidence indicating the use of physical activity in primary prevention and clinical treatment across a spectrum of mental disorders; b) emerging evidence implicating tobacco smoking as a causal factor in onset of both common and severe mental illness; c) the need to clearly establish causal relations between dietary patterns and risk of mental illness, and how diet should be best addressed within mental health care; and d) poor sleep as a risk factor for mental illness, although with further research required to understand the complex, bidirectional relations and the benefits of non-pharmacological sleep-focused interventions. The potentially shared neurobiological pathways between multiple lifestyle factors and mental health are discussed, along with directions for future research, and recommendations for the implementation of these findings at public health and clinical service levels.",
keywords = "anxiety disorders, bipolar disorder, depression, dietary patterns, Lifestyle factors, mental disorders, physical activity, psychological well-being, schizophrenia, sedentary behavior, sleep, tobacco smoking",
author = "Joseph Firth and Marco Solmi and Wootton, {Robyn E.} and Davy Vancampfort and Schuch, {Felipe B.} and Erin Hoare and Simon Gilbody and John Torous and Teasdale, {Scott B.} and Jackson, {Sarah E.} and Lee Smith and Melissa Eaton and Jacka, {Felice N.} and Nicola Veronese and Wolfgang Marx and Garcia Ashdown-Franks and Dan Siskind and Jerome Sarris and Simon Rosenbaum and Carvalho, {Andr{\'e} F.} and Brendon Stubbs",
year = "2020",
month = oct,
day = "1",
doi = "10.1002/wps.20773",
language = "English",
volume = "19",
pages = "360--380",
journal = "World Psychiatry",
issn = "1723-8617",
publisher = "Wiley-Blackwell",
number = "3",

}

RIS (suitable for import to EndNote) Download

TY - JOUR

T1 - A meta-review of “lifestyle psychiatry”

T2 - the role of exercise, smoking, diet and sleep in the prevention and treatment of mental disorders

AU - Firth, Joseph

AU - Solmi, Marco

AU - Wootton, Robyn E.

AU - Vancampfort, Davy

AU - Schuch, Felipe B.

AU - Hoare, Erin

AU - Gilbody, Simon

AU - Torous, John

AU - Teasdale, Scott B.

AU - Jackson, Sarah E.

AU - Smith, Lee

AU - Eaton, Melissa

AU - Jacka, Felice N.

AU - Veronese, Nicola

AU - Marx, Wolfgang

AU - Ashdown-Franks, Garcia

AU - Siskind, Dan

AU - Sarris, Jerome

AU - Rosenbaum, Simon

AU - Carvalho, André F.

AU - Stubbs, Brendon

PY - 2020/10/1

Y1 - 2020/10/1

N2 - There is increasing academic and clinical interest in how “lifestyle factors” traditionally associated with physical health may also relate to mental health and psychological well-being. In response, international and national health bodies are producing guidelines to address health behaviors in the prevention and treatment of mental illness. However, the current evidence for the causal role of lifestyle factors in the onset and prognosis of mental disorders is unclear. We performed a systematic meta-review of the top-tier evidence examining how physical activity, sleep, dietary patterns and tobacco smoking impact on the risk and treatment outcomes across a range of mental disorders. Results from 29 meta-analyses of prospective/cohort studies, 12 Mendelian randomization studies, two meta-reviews, and two meta-analyses of randomized controlled trials were synthesized to generate overviews of the evidence for targeting each of the specific lifestyle factors in the prevention and treatment of depression, anxiety and stress-related disorders, schizophrenia, bipolar disorder, and attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder. Standout findings include: a) convergent evidence indicating the use of physical activity in primary prevention and clinical treatment across a spectrum of mental disorders; b) emerging evidence implicating tobacco smoking as a causal factor in onset of both common and severe mental illness; c) the need to clearly establish causal relations between dietary patterns and risk of mental illness, and how diet should be best addressed within mental health care; and d) poor sleep as a risk factor for mental illness, although with further research required to understand the complex, bidirectional relations and the benefits of non-pharmacological sleep-focused interventions. The potentially shared neurobiological pathways between multiple lifestyle factors and mental health are discussed, along with directions for future research, and recommendations for the implementation of these findings at public health and clinical service levels.

AB - There is increasing academic and clinical interest in how “lifestyle factors” traditionally associated with physical health may also relate to mental health and psychological well-being. In response, international and national health bodies are producing guidelines to address health behaviors in the prevention and treatment of mental illness. However, the current evidence for the causal role of lifestyle factors in the onset and prognosis of mental disorders is unclear. We performed a systematic meta-review of the top-tier evidence examining how physical activity, sleep, dietary patterns and tobacco smoking impact on the risk and treatment outcomes across a range of mental disorders. Results from 29 meta-analyses of prospective/cohort studies, 12 Mendelian randomization studies, two meta-reviews, and two meta-analyses of randomized controlled trials were synthesized to generate overviews of the evidence for targeting each of the specific lifestyle factors in the prevention and treatment of depression, anxiety and stress-related disorders, schizophrenia, bipolar disorder, and attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder. Standout findings include: a) convergent evidence indicating the use of physical activity in primary prevention and clinical treatment across a spectrum of mental disorders; b) emerging evidence implicating tobacco smoking as a causal factor in onset of both common and severe mental illness; c) the need to clearly establish causal relations between dietary patterns and risk of mental illness, and how diet should be best addressed within mental health care; and d) poor sleep as a risk factor for mental illness, although with further research required to understand the complex, bidirectional relations and the benefits of non-pharmacological sleep-focused interventions. The potentially shared neurobiological pathways between multiple lifestyle factors and mental health are discussed, along with directions for future research, and recommendations for the implementation of these findings at public health and clinical service levels.

KW - anxiety disorders

KW - bipolar disorder

KW - depression

KW - dietary patterns

KW - Lifestyle factors

KW - mental disorders

KW - physical activity

KW - psychological well-being

KW - schizophrenia

KW - sedentary behavior

KW - sleep

KW - tobacco smoking

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=85090929193&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1002/wps.20773

DO - 10.1002/wps.20773

M3 - Article

AN - SCOPUS:85090929193

VL - 19

SP - 360

EP - 380

JO - World Psychiatry

JF - World Psychiatry

SN - 1723-8617

IS - 3

ER -

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