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A multicentre cross-sectional observational study of cancer multidisciplinary teams: Analysis of team decision making

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Tayana Soukup, Benjamin W. Lamb, Abigail Morbi, Nisha J. Shah, Anish Bali, Viren Asher, Tasha Gandamihardja, Pascale Giordano, Ara Darzi, James SA Green, Nick Sevdalis

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)7083-7099
Number of pages17
JournalCancer Medicine
Volume9
Issue number19
DOIs
Accepted/In press1 Jan 2020
Published1 Oct 2020

King's Authors

Abstract

Background: Multidisciplinary teams (MDT) formulate expert informed treatment recommendations for people with cancer. We set out to examine how the factors proposed by the functional perspective of group decision making (DM), that is, interaction process, internal factors (factors emanating from within the group such as group size), external circumstances (factors coming from the outside of the team), and case-complexity affect the quality of MDT decision making. Methods: This was a cross-sectional observational study. Three cancer MDTs were recruited with 44 members overall and 30 of their weekly meetings filmed. Validated observational instruments were used to measure quality of DM, interactions, and complexity of 822 case discussions. Results: The full regression model with the variables proposed by the functional perspective was significant, R2 = 0.52, F(20, 801) = 43.47, P <.001, adjusted R2 = 0.51. Positive predictors of DM quality were asking questions (P =.001), providing answers (P =.001), team size (P =.007), gender balance (P =.003), and clinical complexity (P =.001), while negative socioemotional reactions (P =.007), gender imbalance (P =.003), logistical issues (P =.001), time-workload pressures (P =.002), and time spent in the meeting (P =.001) were negative predictors. Second half of the meetings also saw significant decrease in the DM quality (P =.001), interactions (P =.001), group size (P =.003), and clinical complexity (P =.001), and an increase in negative socioemotional reactions (P =.001) and time-workload pressures (P =.001). Discussion: To the best of our knowledge, this is the first study to attempt to assess the factors proposed by the functional perspective in cancer MDTs. One novel finding is the effect of sociocognitive factors on team DM quality, while another is the cognitive-catch 22 effect: while the case discussions are significantly simpler in the second half of the meeting, there is significantly less time left to discuss the remaining cases, further adding to the cognitive taxation in teams who are now rapidly attempting to close their time-workload gap. Implications are discussed in relation to quality and safety.

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