A multimodal imaging study of recognition memory in very preterm born adults: Imaging Recognition Memory in Very Preterm Born Adults
- King's College London
- From the Department of Neuroradiology (F.L., O.F.), Karolinska University Hospital, Stockholm, Sweden; Departments of Clinical Neurosciences (F.L., O.F.) and Women's and Children's Health (L.H., A.-C.E., H.F., B.V.), Karolinska Institute, Stockholm, Sweden; The Florey Institute of Neuroscience and Mental Health (J.-D.T.), Melbourne, Victoria, Australia; Department of Medicine (J.-D.T.), University of Melbourne, Victoria, Australia; Centre for the Developing Brain (J.-D.T.) and Department of Biomedical Engineering (J.-D.T.), Division of Imaging Sciences and Biomedical Engineering, King's College London, London, United Kingdom; and Clinical Neurosciences, Clinical and Experimental Sciences (B.V.), Faculty of Medicine, University of Southampton, Southampton, United Kingdom. firstname.lastname@example.org.
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Very preterm (<32 weeks of gestation) birth is associated with structural brain alterations and memory impairments throughout childhood and adolescence. Here, we used functional MRI (fMRI) to study the neuroanatomy of recognition memory in 49 very preterm-born adults and 50 controls (mean age: 30 years) during completion of a task involving visual encoding and recognition of abstract pictures. T1-weighted and diffusion-weighted images were also collected. Bilateral hippocampal volumes were calculated and tractography of the fornix and cingulum was performed and assessed in terms of volume and hindrance modulated orientational anisotropy (HMOA). Online recognition memory task performance, assessed with A scores, was poorer in the very preterm compared with the control group. Analysis of fMRI data focused on differences in neural activity between the recognition and encoding trials. Very preterm born adults showed decreased activation in the right middle frontal gyrus and posterior cingulate cortex/precuneus and increased activation in the left inferior frontal gyrus and bilateral lateral occipital cortex (LOC) compared with controls. Hippocampi, fornix and cingulum volume was significantly smaller and fornix HMOA was lower in very preterm adults. Among all the structural and functional brain metrics that showed statistically significant group differences, LOC activation was the best predictor of online task performance (P = 0.020). In terms of association between brain function and structure, LOC activation was predicted by fornix HMOA in the preterm group only (P = 0.020). These results suggest that neuroanatomical alterations in very preterm born individuals may be underlying their poorer recognition memory performance. Hum Brain Mapp, 2016. © 2016 The Authors Human Brain Mapping Published by Wiley Periodicals, Inc.