A Narrative Review on the Role of AMPK on De Novo Lipogenesis in Non-Alcoholic Fatty Liver Disease: Evidence from Human Studies

Christian von Loeffelholz, Sina M. Coldewey, Andreas L. Birkenfeld

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

29 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

5'AMP-activated protein kinase (AMPK) is known as metabolic sensor in mammalian cells that becomes activated by an increasing adenosine monophosphate (AMP)/adenosine triphosphate (ATP) ratio. The heterotrimeric AMPK protein comprises three subunits, each of which has multiple phosphorylation sites, playing an important role in the regulation of essential molecular pathways. By phosphorylation of downstream proteins and modulation of gene transcription AMPK functions as a master switch of energy homeostasis in tissues with high metabolic turnover, such as the liver, skeletal muscle, and adipose tissue. Regulation of AMPK under conditions of chronic caloric oversupply emerged as substantial research target to get deeper insight into the pathogenesis of non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD). Evidence supporting the role of AMPK in NAFLD is mainly derived from preclinical cell culture and animal studies. Dysbalanced de novo lipogenesis has been identified as one of the key processes in NAFLD pathogenesis. Thus, the scope of this review is to provide an integrative overview of evidence, in particular from clinical studies and human samples, on the role of AMPK in the regulation of primarily de novo lipogenesis in human NAFLD.

Original languageEnglish
Article number1822
JournalCells
Volume10
Issue number7
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 19 Jul 2021

Keywords

  • adipose tissue
  • diacylglycerol
  • free fatty acids
  • insulin resistance
  • lipotoxicity
  • skeletal muscle
  • steatohepatitis
  • type 2 diabetes

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