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A neural window on the emergence of cognition

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A neural window on the emergence of cognition. / Cusack, Rhodri; Ball, Gareth; Smyser, Christopher D; Dehaene-Lambertz, Ghislaine.

In: Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences, Vol. 1369, No. 1, 10.05.2016, p. 7-23.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Harvard

Cusack, R, Ball, G, Smyser, CD & Dehaene-Lambertz, G 2016, 'A neural window on the emergence of cognition', Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences, vol. 1369, no. 1, pp. 7-23. https://doi.org/10.1111/nyas.13036

APA

Cusack, R., Ball, G., Smyser, C. D., & Dehaene-Lambertz, G. (2016). A neural window on the emergence of cognition. Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences, 1369(1), 7-23. https://doi.org/10.1111/nyas.13036

Vancouver

Cusack R, Ball G, Smyser CD, Dehaene-Lambertz G. A neural window on the emergence of cognition. Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences. 2016 May 10;1369(1):7-23. https://doi.org/10.1111/nyas.13036

Author

Cusack, Rhodri ; Ball, Gareth ; Smyser, Christopher D ; Dehaene-Lambertz, Ghislaine. / A neural window on the emergence of cognition. In: Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences. 2016 ; Vol. 1369, No. 1. pp. 7-23.

Bibtex Download

@article{4db87cd421504e87b9b51771114ac95c,
title = "A neural window on the emergence of cognition",
abstract = "Can babies think? A fundamental challenge for cognitive neuroscience is to answer when brain functions begin and in what form they first emerge. This is challenging with behavioral tasks, as it is difficult to communicate to an infant what a task requires, and motor function is impoverished, making execution of the appropriate response difficult. To circumvent these requirements, neuroimaging provides a complementary route for assessing the emergence of cognition. Starting from the prerequisites of cognitive function and building stepwise, we review when the cortex forms and when it becomes gyrated and regionally differentiated. We then discuss when white matter tracts mature and when functional brain networks arise. Finally, we assess the responsiveness of these brain systems to external events. We find that many cognitive systems are observed surprisingly early. Some emerge before birth, with activations in the frontal lobe even in the first months of gestation. These discoveries are changing our understanding of the nature of cognitive networks and their early function, transforming cognitive neuroscience, and opening new windows for education and investigation. Infant neuroimaging also has tremendous clinical potential, for both detecting atypical development and facilitating earlier intervention. Finally, we discuss the key technical developments that are enabling this nascent field.",
keywords = "Brain Mapping, Cerebral Cortex, Cognition, Humans, Infant, Magnetic Resonance Imaging, Nerve Net, Neuroimaging, Journal Article, Review",
author = "Rhodri Cusack and Gareth Ball and Smyser, {Christopher D} and Ghislaine Dehaene-Lambertz",
note = "{\textcopyright} 2016 The New York Academy of Sciences.",
year = "2016",
month = may,
day = "10",
doi = "10.1111/nyas.13036",
language = "English",
volume = "1369",
pages = "7--23",
journal = "Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences",
issn = "0077-8923",
publisher = "Wiley-Blackwell",
number = "1",

}

RIS (suitable for import to EndNote) Download

TY - JOUR

T1 - A neural window on the emergence of cognition

AU - Cusack, Rhodri

AU - Ball, Gareth

AU - Smyser, Christopher D

AU - Dehaene-Lambertz, Ghislaine

N1 - © 2016 The New York Academy of Sciences.

PY - 2016/5/10

Y1 - 2016/5/10

N2 - Can babies think? A fundamental challenge for cognitive neuroscience is to answer when brain functions begin and in what form they first emerge. This is challenging with behavioral tasks, as it is difficult to communicate to an infant what a task requires, and motor function is impoverished, making execution of the appropriate response difficult. To circumvent these requirements, neuroimaging provides a complementary route for assessing the emergence of cognition. Starting from the prerequisites of cognitive function and building stepwise, we review when the cortex forms and when it becomes gyrated and regionally differentiated. We then discuss when white matter tracts mature and when functional brain networks arise. Finally, we assess the responsiveness of these brain systems to external events. We find that many cognitive systems are observed surprisingly early. Some emerge before birth, with activations in the frontal lobe even in the first months of gestation. These discoveries are changing our understanding of the nature of cognitive networks and their early function, transforming cognitive neuroscience, and opening new windows for education and investigation. Infant neuroimaging also has tremendous clinical potential, for both detecting atypical development and facilitating earlier intervention. Finally, we discuss the key technical developments that are enabling this nascent field.

AB - Can babies think? A fundamental challenge for cognitive neuroscience is to answer when brain functions begin and in what form they first emerge. This is challenging with behavioral tasks, as it is difficult to communicate to an infant what a task requires, and motor function is impoverished, making execution of the appropriate response difficult. To circumvent these requirements, neuroimaging provides a complementary route for assessing the emergence of cognition. Starting from the prerequisites of cognitive function and building stepwise, we review when the cortex forms and when it becomes gyrated and regionally differentiated. We then discuss when white matter tracts mature and when functional brain networks arise. Finally, we assess the responsiveness of these brain systems to external events. We find that many cognitive systems are observed surprisingly early. Some emerge before birth, with activations in the frontal lobe even in the first months of gestation. These discoveries are changing our understanding of the nature of cognitive networks and their early function, transforming cognitive neuroscience, and opening new windows for education and investigation. Infant neuroimaging also has tremendous clinical potential, for both detecting atypical development and facilitating earlier intervention. Finally, we discuss the key technical developments that are enabling this nascent field.

KW - Brain Mapping

KW - Cerebral Cortex

KW - Cognition

KW - Humans

KW - Infant

KW - Magnetic Resonance Imaging

KW - Nerve Net

KW - Neuroimaging

KW - Journal Article

KW - Review

U2 - 10.1111/nyas.13036

DO - 10.1111/nyas.13036

M3 - Article

C2 - 27164193

VL - 1369

SP - 7

EP - 23

JO - Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences

JF - Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences

SN - 0077-8923

IS - 1

ER -

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