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A new approach to multi-professional end of life care training using a sequential simulation (SqS Simulation™) design: A mixed methods study

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Anna Weil, Sharon Marie Weldon, Miranda Kronfli, Ben Watkins, Roger Kneebone, Fernando Bello, Sarah Cox

Original languageEnglish
JournalNurse Education Today
Early online date9 Sep 2018
Publication statusE-pub ahead of print - 9 Sep 2018


King's Authors


Background A need for improved education and training for hospital staff caring for patients in the last year of life was identified at an urban UK hospital. Sequential Simulation (SqS Simulation™) is a type of simulation that recreates a patient's journey, considering the longitudinal element of care and how this might impact on the patient's experiences, wishes and needs. Objectives The aim of this study was to investigate a new end of life care training intervention for multi-professional hospital staff, and its effect on their confidence in managing patients at the end of their life. Setting/Participants Based on the results of a formal Training Needs Analysis, four SqS Simulation™ specialty-based courses were designed for general medical and surgical multidisciplinary teams in an acute UK hospital. Methods Over three months, seven SqS Simulation™ sessions were attended by fifty-seven multidisciplinary healthcare professionals. A quasi-experimental mixed-methods study was conducted using open and closed-ended questionnaires, pre and post-intervention. Changes in course attendees' confidence levels were analysed and qualitative data from free-text answers informed potential reasons for any differences identified. Results Confidence improved for all professional cohorts (p 

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