A New Comorbidity in Periodontitis: Fusobacterium nucleatum and Colorectal Cancer

Francesco Mesa, Maria Jose Mesa-Lopez, Juan Egea-Valenzuela, Cristina Benavides-Reyes, Luigi Nibali, Mark Ide, Giuseppe Mainas, Manfredi Rizzo, Antonio Magan-Fernandex*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

11 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

There is very recent and strong evidence relating Fusobacterium nucleatum to colorectal cancer. In this narrative review, we update the knowledge about gingival dysbiosis and the characteristics of Fusobacterium nucleatum as one of the main bacteria related to periodontitis. We provide data on microbiome, epidemiology, risk factors, prognosis, and treatment of colorectal cancer, one of the most frequent tumours diagnosed and whose incidence increases every year. We describe, from its recent origin, the relationship between this bacterium and this type of cancer and the knowledge and emerging mechanisms that scientific evidence reveals in an updated way. A diagram provided synthesizes the pathogenic mechanisms of this relationship in a comprehensive manner. Finally, the main questions and further research perspectives are presented
Original languageEnglish
Article number546
Pages (from-to)546
JournalMedicina
Volume58
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 15 Apr 2022

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