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A Novel Gymnema sylvestre Extract Stimulates Insulin Secretion from Human Islets In Vivo and In Vitro

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A. Al-Romaiyan, B. Liu, H. Asare-Anane, C. R. Maity, S. K. Chatterjee, N. Koley, T. Biswas, A. K. Chatterji, G-C. Huang, S. A. Amiel, S. J. Persaud, P. M. Jones

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1370 - 1376
Number of pages7
JournalPHYTOTHERAPY RESEARCH
Volume24
Issue number9
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Sep 2010

King's Authors

Abstract

Many plant-based products have been suggested as potential antidiabetic agents, but few have been shown to be effective in treating the symptoms of Type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) in human studies, and little is known of their mechanisms of action. Extracts of Gymnema sylvestre (GS) have been used for the treatment of T2DM in India for centuries. The effects of a novel high molecular weight GS extract, Om Santal Adivasi, (OSA (R)) on plasma insulin, C-peptide and glucose in a small cohort of patients with T2DM are reported here. Oral administration of OSA (R) (1 g/day, 60 days) induced significant increases in circulating insulin and C-peptide, which were associated with significant reductions in fasting and post-prandial blood glucose. In vitro measurements using isolated human islets of Langerhans demonstrated direct stimulatory effects of OSA (R) on insulin secretion from human beta-cells, consistent with an in vivo mode of action through enhancing insulin secretion. These in vivo and in vitro observations suggest that OSA (R) may provide a potential alternative therapy for the hyperglycemia associated with T2DM. Copyright (C) 2010 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.

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