A novel interaction between lamin A and SREBP1: implications for partial lipodystrophy and other laminopathies

D J Lloyd, R C Trembath, S Shackleton

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283 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The gene encoding nuclear lamins A and C is mutated in at least three inherited disorders. Two of these, Emery-Dreifuss muscular dystrophy (EDMD-AD) and a form of dilated cardiomyopathy (CMD1A), involve muscle defects, and the other, familial partial lipodystrophy (FPLD), involves loss of subcutaneous adipose tissue. Mutations causing FPLD, in contrast to those causing muscle disorders, are tightly clustered within the C-terminal domain of lamin A/C. We investigated the expression and subcellular localization of FPLD lamin A mutants and found no abnormalities. We therefore set out to identify proteins interacting with the C-terminal domain of lamin A by screening a mouse 3T3-L1 adipocyte library in a yeast two-hybrid interaction screen. Using this approach, the adipocyte differentiation factor, sterol response element binding protein 1 (SREBP1) was identified as a novel lamin A interactor. In vitro glutathione S-transferase pull-down and in vivo co-immunoprecipitation studies confirmed an interaction between lamin A and both SREBP1a and 1c. A binding site for lamin A was identified in the N-terminal transcription factor domain of SREBP1, between residues 227 and 487. The binding of lamin A to SREBP1 was noticeably reduced by FPLD mutations. Interestingly, one EDMD-AD mutation also interfered with the interaction between lamin A and SREBP1. Whilst the physiological relevance of this interaction has yet to be elucidated, these data raise the intriguing possibility that fat loss seen in laminopathies may be caused, at least in part, by reduced binding of the adipoctye differentiation factor SREBP1 to lamin A
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)769 - 777
Number of pages9
JournalHuman Molecular Genetics
Volume11
Issue number7
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Apr 2002

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