A phase I study to assess afatinib in combination with carboplatin or with carboplatin plus paclitaxel in patients with advanced solid tumors

Mary E. R. O’Brien, Debashis Sarker, Jaishree Bhosle, Kiruthikah Thillai, Timothy A. Yap, Martina Uttenreuther-Fischer, Karine Pemberton, Xidong Jin, Sabrina Wiebe, Johann De Bono, James Spicer

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Abstract

Purpose

Afatinib, an irreversible ErbB family blocker, has demonstrated preclinical antitumor activity with chemotherapy.MethodsAs part of a phase I trial in patients with advanced solid tumors (NCT00809133; 3 + 3 dose-escalation design), we determined the maximum tolerated dose (MTD) of afatinib with carboplatin (A/C) or with carboplatin plus paclitaxel (A/C/P). Starting doses: afatinib 20 mg/day, carboplatin AUC6 (A/C) with paclitaxel 175 mg/m2 (A/C/P) (chemotherapy: Day 1 of 21-day cycles). The primary objective was to determine the MTDs; safety, pharmacokinetics and antitumor activity were also evaluated.ResultsThirty-eight patients received A/C (n = 12) or A/C/P (n = 26). No dose-limiting toxicities (DLTs) were reported with A(20 mg)/C(AUC6). One patient experienced DLT in the A(40 mg)/C(AUC6) cohort (grade 3 acneiform rash); A(40 mg)/C(AUC6) was determined as the recommended phase II dose (RP2D) for A/C. Two patients each had DLTs with A(20 mg/day)/C(AUC6)/P(175 mg/m2): fatigue, infection, diarrhea, small intestine hemorrhage, dehydration, renal impairment, neutropenic sepsis (n = 1), mucositis (n = 1); A(40 mg)/C(AUC5)/P(175 mg/m2): febrile neutropenia (n = 1), mucositis, fatigue (n = 1); and A(30 mg)/C(AUC5)/P(175 mg/m2): stomatitis (n = 1), mucositis (n = 1). No DLT was observed with A(20 mg)/C(AUC5)/P(175 mg/m2), determined as the RP2D for A/C/P. The most frequent drug-related adverse events were (A/C; A/C/P): rash (75%; 73%), fatigue (67%; 69%), and diarrhea (58%; 88%). Drug plasma concentrations were similar between cycles, suggesting no drug–drug interactions. Objective response rates in these heavily pretreated patients were A/C, 3/12 (25%); A/C/P, 5/26 (19%).ConclusionsAfatinib 40 mg/day (approved monotherapy dose) with carboplatin AUC6, and afatinib 20 mg/day with carboplatin AUC5 and paclitaxel 175 mg/m2 demonstrated manageable safety and antitumor activity. Afatinib > 20 mg/day in the triple combination was not well tolerated.
Original languageEnglish
JournalCancer Chemotherapy and Pharmacology
Early online date7 Aug 2018
DOIs
Publication statusE-pub ahead of print - 7 Aug 2018

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