King's College London

Research portal

A randomised controlled study on the use of finishing and polishing systems on different resin composites using 3D contact optical profilometry and scanning electron microscopy

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Alaa Daud, Gordon Gray, Christopher D Lynch, Nairn H F Wilson, Igor R Blum

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)25-30
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of Dentistry
Early online date31 Jan 2018
Publication statusPublished - Apr 2018

Bibliographical note

Copyright © 2018 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.


King's Authors


OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to evaluate theeffects of different finishing and polishing techniques on the surface roughness of microhybrid and nanofilled resin composites.

METHODS: The resin composites included were Filtek Z250 (a universal microhybrid resin composite) and Filtek Supreme XTE (a universal nanofill resin composite). Ninety cylindrical-shaped specimens were prepared for each composite resin material. The polishing methods used included tungsten carbide bur (TC); diamond bur (Db); Sof-Lex discs (S); Enhance PoGo discs (PG); TC + S; Db + S; TC + PG; Db + PG. Polymerisation against a Mylar strip without finishing and polishing acted as the control group. Surface roughness was measured using a 3D contact optical profilometer and surface morphology was examined by scanning electron microscope examination.

RESULTS: The results showed that the Mylar-formed surfaces were smoothest for both composites. Finishing with the 20 μm diamond finishing bur caused significantly greater surface irregularity (P < 0.0001) and damage than finishing with the tungsten carbide finishing bur. The Enhance PoGo polishing system produced smoother surfaces than the Sof-Lex disc polishing system; this difference was statistically highly significant (P < 0.0001).

CONCLUSION: For both composites, the Mylar-formed surfaces were smoothest. Where indicated clinically, finishing is better conducted using a tungsten carbide bur- rather than a diamond finishing bur. The Enhance PoGo system was found to produce a smoother surface finish than the Sof-Lex system.

CLINICAL SIGNIFICANCE: If finishing and polishing is required the use a tungsten carbide finishing bur followed by Enhance PoGo polishing may be found to result in the smoothest surface finish.

Download statistics

No data available

View graph of relations

© 2018 King's College London | Strand | London WC2R 2LS | England | United Kingdom | Tel +44 (0)20 7836 5454