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A Randomised tRial of Expedited transfer to a cardiac arrest centre for non-ST elevation ventricular fibrillation out-of-hospital cardiac arrest: The ARREST pilot randomised trial

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Tiffany Patterson, Gavin D. Perkins, Jubin Joseph, Karen Wilson, Laura Van Dyck, Steven Roberston, Hanna Nguyen, Hannah McConkey, Mark Whitbread, Rachael Fothergill, Joanne Nevett, Miles Dalby, Roby Rakhit, Philip MacCarthy, Divaka Perera, Jerry P. Nolan, Simon R. Redwood

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)185-191
Early online date4 Feb 2017
Accepted/In press24 Jan 2017
E-pub ahead of print4 Feb 2017
PublishedJun 2017


King's Authors



Wide variation exists in inter-hospital survival from out-of-hospital cardiac arrest (OHCA). Regionalisation of care into cardiac arrest centres (CAC) may improve this. We report a pilot randomised trial of expedited transfer to a CAC following OHCA without ST-elevation. The objective was to assess the feasibility of performing a large-scale randomised controlled trial.


Adult witnessed ventricular fibrillation OHCA of presumed cardiac cause were randomised 1:1 to either: (1) treatment: comprising expedited transfer to a CAC for goal-directed therapy including access to immediate reperfusion, or (2) control: comprising current standard of care involving delivery to the geographically closest hospital. The feasibility of randomisation, protocol adherence and data collection of the primary (30-day all-cause mortality) and secondary (cerebral performance category (CPC)) and in-hospital major cardiovascular and cerebrovascular events (MACCE) clinical outcome measures were assessed.


Between November 2014 and April 2016, 118 cases were screened, of which 63 patients (53%) met eligibility criteria and 40 of the 63 patients (63%) were randomised. There were no protocol deviations in the treatment arm. Data collection of primary and secondary outcomes was achieved in 83%. There was no difference in baseline characteristics between the groups: 30-day mortality (Intervention 9/18, 50% vs. Control 6/15, 40%; P = 0.73), CPC 1/2 (Intervention: 9/18, 50% vs. Control 7/14, 50%; P > 0.99) or MACCE (Intervention: 9/18, 50% vs. Control 6/15, 40%; P = 0.73).


These findings support the feasibility and acceptability of conducting a large-scale randomised controlled trial of expedited transfer to CAC following OHCA to address a remaining uncertainty in post-arrest care.

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