A review of cognitive neuropsychiatry in the taxonomy of eating disorders: state, trait, or genetic?

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Abstract

A greater understanding of neuropsychological traits in eating disorders may help to construct a more biologically based taxonomy. The aim of this paper is to review the current evidence base of neuropsychological traits in people with eating disorders. Evidence of difficulties in set shifting, weak central coherence, emotional processing difficulties, and altered reward sensitivity is presented for people both in the acute and recovered phase of the illness. These traits are also seen in first degree relatives. At present there is limited research linking these neuropsychological traits with genetic and neuroanatomical measures. In addition to improving the taxonomy of eating disorders, neuropsychological traits may be of value in producing targeted treatments.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)83-114
Number of pages32
JournalCognitive Neuropsychiatry
Volume18
Issue number1-2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2013

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