A role for FDG PET radiomics in personalized medicine?

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Abstract

Radiomics describes the extraction of multiple features from medical images, including molecular imaging modalities, that with bioinformatic approaches, provide additional clinically relevant information that may be invisible to the human eye. This information may complement standard radiological interpretation with data that may better characterize a disease or that may provide predictive or prognostic information.
Progressing from pre-defined image features, often describing heterogeneity of voxel intensities within a volume of interest, there is increasing use of machine learning to classify disease characteristics and deep learning methods based on artificial neural networks that can learn features without a priori definition and without the need for preprocessing of images.
There have been advances in standardization and harmonization of methods to a level that should support multicenter studies. However, in this relatively early phase of research in the field there are limited aspects that have been adopted into routine practice.
Most of the reports in the molecular imaging field describe radiomic approaches in cancer using 18F-fluorodeoxyglucose positron emission tomography (18F-FDG PET). In this review we will describe radiomics in molecular imaging and summarize the pertinent literature in lung cancer where reports are most prevalent and mature.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)532-540
Number of pages9
JournalSeminars in Nuclear Medicine
Volume50
Issue number6
Early online date15 Jun 2020
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Nov 2020

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