A spatial off-resonance correction in spirals for Magnetic Resonance Fingerprinting

Ronal Coronado, Gastao Lima Da Cruz, Carlos Castillo-Passi, Cristian Tejos, Sergio Uribe, Claudia Prieto, Pablo Irarrazaval

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

4 Citations (Scopus)


In MR Fingerprinting (MRF), balanced Steady-State Free Precession (bSSFP) has advantages over unbalanced SSFP because it retains the spin history achieving a higher signal-to-noise ratio (SNR) and scan efficiency. However, bSSFP-MRF is not frequently used because it is sensitive to off-resonance, producing artifacts and blurring, and affecting the parametric map quality. Here we propose a novel Spatial Off-resonance Correction (SOC) approach for reducing these artifacts in bSSFP-MRF with spiral trajectories. SOC-MRF uses each pixel’s Point Spread Function to create system matrices that encode both off-resonance and gridding effects. We iteratively compute the inverse of these matrices to reduce the artifacts. We evaluated the proposed method using brain simulations and actual MRF acquisitions of a standardized T1/T2 phantom and five healthy subjects. The results show that the off-resonance distortions in T1/T2 maps were considerably reduced using SOC-MRF. For T2, the Normalized Root Mean Square Error (NRMSE) was reduced from 17.3 to 8.3% (simulations) and from 35.1 to 14.9% (phantom). For T1, the NRMS was reduced from 14.7 to 7.7% (simulations) and from 17.7 to 6.7% (phantom). For in-vivo, the mean and standard deviation in different ROI in white and gray matter were significantly improved. For example, SOC-MRF estimated an average T2 for white matter of 77ms (the ground truth was 74ms) versus 50 ms of MRF. For the same example the standard deviation was reduced from 18 ms to 6ms. The corrections achieved with the proposed SOC-MRF may expand the potential applications of bSSFP-MRF, taking advantage of its better SNR property.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)3832-3842
Number of pages11
JournalIEEE Transactions on Medical Imaging
Issue number12
Publication statusPublished - 1 Dec 2021


  • balanced Steady State Free Precession (bSSFP) MRF
  • Dictionaries
  • Fingerprint recognition
  • Image reconstruction
  • Magnetic resonance
  • magnetic resonance fingerprinting (MRF)
  • Mathematical model
  • off-resonance effects
  • Phantoms
  • spatial off-resonance correction
  • Spirals


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