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A Step Too Far: How the International Code of Conduct Association's Actions Could Unintentionally Help to Privatise War

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Christopher Kinsey, Christopher Mayer

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)54-63
Number of pages10
JournalRUSI Journal
Issue number3
Early online date14 Sep 2022
Accepted/In press12 Aug 2022
E-pub ahead of print14 Sep 2022

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright: © RUSI Journal 2022.

King's Authors


In December 2021, the International Code of Conduct for Private Security Service Providers Association changed the definition of security services, expanding its scope and undertaking roles that include direct participation in hostilities. In promoting this broadened scope, the ICoCA did so without first identifying important principles and standards relevant to those new functions. Critically for the international order, the unintended consequences of these changes could be far reaching, legitimizing quasi-mercenary organizations, and fighting in combat.

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