A study of neural-network-based classifiers for material classification

H. K. Lam*, Udeme Ekong, Hongbin Liu, Bo Xiao, Hugo Araujo, Sai Ho Ling, Kit Yan Chan

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

52 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

In this paper, the performance of the commonly used neural-network-based classifiers is investigated on solving a classification problem which aims to identify the object nature based on surface features of the object. When the surface data is obtained, a proposed feature extraction method is used to extract the surface feature of the object. The extracted features are then used as the inputs for the classifier. This research studies eighteen household objects which are requisite to our daily life. Six commonly used neural-network-based classifiers, namely one-against-all, weighted one-against-all, binary coded, parallel-structured, weighted parallel structured and tree-structured, are investigated. The performance for the six neural-network-based classifiers is evaluated based on recognition accuracy for individual object. Also, two traditional classifiers, namely k-nearest neighbor classifier and naive Bayes classifier, are employed for comparison purposes. To evaluate robustness property of the classifiers, the original data is contaminated with Gaussian white noise. Experimental results show that the parallel-structured, tree-structured and the naive Bayes classifiers outperform the others under the original data. The tree-structured classifier demonstrates the best robustness property under the noisy data.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)367-377
Number of pages11
JournalNeurocomputing
Volume144
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 20 Nov 2014

Keywords

  • Classifier
  • Material classification
  • Neural networks
  • ROBOT-ASSISTED SURGERY
  • HAPTIC FEEDBACK
  • GENETIC ALGORITHM
  • EXPLORATION
  • RECOGNITION

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