A systematic review of diabetes self‐management education interventions for people with type 2 diabetes mellitus in the Asian Western Pacific (AWP) region

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Abstract

Aims and objectives
To assess the effectiveness of educational and/or psychological diabetes self‐management education (DSME) intervention for people with type 2 diabetes (T2DM) in the Asian Western Pacific (AWP) region.

Background
Translational research indicates that DSME is effective; therefore, it is important to look at the AWP region to see what has been implemented and what the potential barriers are for the low integration of DSME. The need for DSME is present, and programmes are being developed. Therefore, focusing a systematic review of DSME research in the AWP region would give a better understanding of which intervention approaches are associated with better clinical outcomes and are culturally acceptable.

Design
A systematic review.

Methods
A review of randomized controlled trials (RCTs) and comparative studies to evaluate the effectiveness of face‐to‐face delivery reporting educational and/or psychological interventions for people with T2DM was implemented. We conducted searches using MEDLINE, EMBASE, CINAHL, PubMed and ASSIA databases between January 1990–June 2018. Studies published in English and non‐English were included. Two reviewers independently extracted data on participant and intervention characteristics. The quality of evidence was rated on predetermined criteria. Main outcomes included glycaemic control (reduction in HbA1c level).

Results
We included 21 DSME programmes (17 RCTs), while 15 were group‐based approaches. Twelve studies (60%) were categorized as high quality. Three studies (25%) had a moderate (good) effect. Eight trials were effective in improving glycaemic control and reported statistically significant improvements in HbA1c levels. 50% of these were high‐intensity group‐based programmes.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1424-1437
Number of pages14
JournalNursing Open
Volume6
Issue number4
Early online date3 Sept 2019
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Oct 2019

Keywords

  • Asian Western Pacific region
  • diabetes self-management education
  • interventions
  • systematic review
  • type 2 diabetes mellitus

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