A thiol redox sensor in soluble epoxide hydrolase enables oxidative activation by intra-protein disulfide bond formation

Rebecca L. Charles, Giancarlo Abis, Beatriz F Fernandez, Sebastian Guttzeit, Roberto Buccafusca, Maria R Conte*, Philip Eaton*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

5 Citations (Scopus)


Soluble epoxide hydrolase (sEH), an enzyme that broadly regulates the cardiovascular system, hydrolyses epoxyeicosatrienoic acids (EETs) to their corresponding dihydroxyeicosatrienoic acids (DHETs). We previously showed that endogenous lipid electrophiles adduct within the catalytic domain, inhibiting sEH to lower blood pressure in angiotensin II-induced hypertensive mice. As angiotensin II increases vascular H2O2, we explored sEH redox regulation by this oxidant and how this integrates with inhibition by lipid electrophiles to regulate vasotone. Kinetics analyses revealed that H2O2 not only increased the specific activity of sEH but increased its affinity for substrate and increased its catalytic efficiency. This oxidative activation was mediated by formation of an intra-disulfide bond between C262 and C264, as determined by mass spectrometry and substantiated by biotin-phenylarsinate and thioredoxin-trapping mutant assays. C262S/264S sEH mutants were resistant to peroxide-induced activation, corroborating the disulfide-activation mechanism. The physiological impact of sEH redox state was determined in isolated arteries and the effect of the pro-oxidant vasopressor angiotensin II on arterial sEH redox state and vasodilatory EETs indexed in mice. Angiotensin II induced the activating intra-disulfide in sEH, causing a decrease in plasma EET/DHET ratios that is consistent with the pressor response to this hormone. Although sEH C262–C264 disulfide formation enhances hydrolysis of vasodilatory EETs, this modification also sensitized sEH to inhibition by lipid electrophiles. This explains why angiotensin II decreases EETs and increases blood pressure, but when lipid electrophiles are also present, that EETs are increased and blood pressure lowered.

Original languageEnglish
Article number102107
JournalRedox Biology
Early online date9 Sept 2021
Publication statusPublished - Oct 2021


  • Angiotensin II
  • Disulfide
  • Oxidation
  • Redox regulation
  • Soluble epoxide hydrolase


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