A UHPLC-MS/MS method to simultaneously quantify apixaban, edoxaban and rivaroxaban in human plasma and breast milk: For emerging lactation studies

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Abstract

Clinical studies are needed to clarify the use of direct oral anticoagulants (DOACs) in breastfeeding women. To support emerging clinical studies on investigating DOAC's transfer into breast milk, an ultra-high-performance liquid chromatography/tandem mass spectrometry (UHPLC‐MS/MS) method was developed and validated for quantifying three DOACs – apixaban, edoxaban and rivaroxaban in human plasma and breast milk. Protein precipitation with methanol was performed for sample preparation. Chromatographic analysis was performed using a C18 column. The MS detection was performed in MRM mode. The method was validated in accordance with the European Guideline (EMA). The calibration range was 5–500 ng/mL in plasma and 5–250 ng/mL in breast milk. The within-batch and between-batch variability remained <9%. Recoveries ranged from 106.13% to 109.05% in plasma and from 93.40% to 107.91% in breast milk. The lot-to-lot matrix variability was within ±15% among a range of samples originating from many different subjects. All analytes were stable when stored for 24 h at room temperature, 7 days at 2–8 °C, and at least 5 weeks at −20 °C in both plasma and breast milk. The developed method fulfilled the EMA bioanalytical method validation guideline and was shown to be simple, fast, accurate and will now be used in a clinical trial evaluating the transfer of apixaban and rivaroxaban into human breast milk.

Original languageEnglish
Article number122095
JournalJournal of Chromatography B: Analytical Technologies in the Biomedical & Life Sciences
Volume1144
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 May 2020

Keywords

  • Breastfeeding
  • Direct oral anticoagulants
  • Liquid chromatography
  • Tandem mass spectrometry
  • Venous thromboembolism

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