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A way of relating instantaneous and finite screws based on the screw triangle product

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Tao Sun, Shuofei Yang, Tian Huang, Jian S. Dai

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)75-82
Number of pages8
JournalMechanism and machine theory
Early online date3 Nov 2016
Publication statusPublished - Feb 2017

King's Authors


It has been a desire to unify the models for structural and parametric analyses and design in the field of robotic mechanisms. This requires a mathematical tool that enables analytical description, formulation and operation possible for both finite and instantaneous motions. This paper presents a method to investigate the algebraic structures of finite screws represented in a quasi-vector form and instantaneous screws represented in a vector form. By revisiting algebraic operations of screw compositions, this paper examines associativity and derivative properties of the screw triangle product of finite screws and produces a vigorous proof that a derivative of a screw triangle product can be expressed as a linear combination of instantaneous screws. It is proved that the entire set of finite screws forms an algebraic structure as Lie group under the screw triangle product and its time derivative at the initial pose forms the corresponding Lie algebra under the screw cross product, allowing the algebraic structures of finite screws in quasi-vector form and instantaneous screws in vector form to be revealed.

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