Aberrantly spliced HTT, a new player in Huntington's disease pathogenesis

Theresa A Gipson, Andreas Neueder, Nancy S Wexler, Gillian P Bates, David Housman

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

46 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Huntington's disease (HD) is an adult-onset neurodegenerative disorder caused by a mutated CAG repeat in the huntingtin gene that is translated into an expanded polyglutamine tract. The clinical manifestation of HD is a progressive physical, cognitive, and psychiatric deterioration that is eventually fatal.   The mutant huntingtin protein is processed into several smaller fragments, which have been implicated as critical factors in HD pathogenesis. The search for proteases responsible for their production has led to the identification of several cleavage sites on the huntingtin protein. However, the origin of the small N-terminal fragments that are found in HD postmortem brains has remained elusive. Recent mapping of huntingtin fragments in a mouse model demonstrated that the smallest N-terminal fragment is an exon 1 protein. This discovery spurred our hypothesis that mis-splicing as opposed to proteolysis could be generating the smallest huntingtin fragment. We demonstrated that mis-splicing of mutant huntingtin intron 1 does indeed occur and results in a short polyadenylated mRNA, which is translated into an exon 1 protein. The exon 1 protein fragment is highly pathogenic. Transgenic mouse models containing just human huntingtin exon 1 develop a rapid onset of HD-like symptoms. Our finding that a small, mis-spliced HTT transcript and corresponding exon 1 protein are produced in the context of an expanded CAG repeat has unraveled a new molecular mechanism in HD pathogenesis. Here we present detailed models of how mis-splicing could be facilitated, what challenges remain in this model, and implications for therapeutic studies.
Original languageEnglish
Article numberN/A
Pages (from-to)1647-1652
Number of pages6
JournalRna Biology
Volume10
Issue number11
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 11 Oct 2013

Fingerprint

Dive into the research topics of 'Aberrantly spliced HTT, a new player in Huntington's disease pathogenesis'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this