Activation of transient receptor potential ankyrin 1 induces CGRP release from spinal cord synaptosomes

Talisia Quallo*, Clive Gentry, Stuart Bevan, Lisa M. Broad, Adrian J. Mogg

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

14 Citations (Scopus)


Transient receptor potential ankyrin 1 (TRPA1) is a sensor of nociceptive stimuli, expressed predominantly in a subpopulation of peptidergic sensory neurons which co-express the noxious heat-sensor transient receptor potential vanilloid 1. In this study, we describe a spinal cord synaptosome-calcitonin gene-related peptide (CGRP) release assay for examining activation of TRPA1 natively expressed on the central terminals of dorsal root ganglion neurons. We have shown for the first time that activation of TRPA1 channels expressed on spinal cord synaptosomes by a selection of agonists evokes a concentration-dependent release of CGRP which is inhibited by TRPA1 antagonists. In addition, our results demonstrate that depolarization of spinal cord synaptosomes by a high concentration of KCl induces CGRP release via a T-type calcium channel-dependent mechanism whilst TRPA1-induced CGRP release functions independently of voltage-gated calcium channel activation. Finally, we have shown that pre-treatment of synaptosomes with the opioid agonist, morphine, results in a reduction of depolarization-induced CGRP release. This study has demonstrated the use of a dorsal spinal cord homogenate assay for investigation of natively expressed TRPA1 channels and for modulation of depolarizing stimuli at the level of the dorsal spinal cord.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1-10
Number of pages10
JournalPharmacology Research and Perspectives
Issue number6
Publication statusPublished - 1 Dec 2015


  • CGRP
  • Spinal cord
  • Synaptosomes
  • TRP channels
  • TRPA1


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