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Acute LPS sensitization and continuous infusion exacerbates hypoxic brain injury in a piglet model of neonatal encephalopathy

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Acute LPS sensitization and continuous infusion exacerbates hypoxic brain injury in a piglet model of neonatal encephalopathy. / Martinello, Kathryn A; Meehan, Christopher; Avdic-Belltheus, Adnan; Lingam, Ingran; Ragab, Sara; Hristova, Mariya; Tann, Cally J; Peebles, Donald; Hagberg, Henrik; Wolfs, Tim G A M; Klein, Nigel; Tachtsidis, Ilias; Golay, Xavier; Kramer, Boris W; Fleiss, Bobbi; Gressens, Pierre; Robertson, Nicola J.

In: Scientific Reports, Vol. 9, No. 1, 10184, 01.12.2019.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Harvard

Martinello, KA, Meehan, C, Avdic-Belltheus, A, Lingam, I, Ragab, S, Hristova, M, Tann, CJ, Peebles, D, Hagberg, H, Wolfs, TGAM, Klein, N, Tachtsidis, I, Golay, X, Kramer, BW, Fleiss, B, Gressens, P & Robertson, NJ 2019, 'Acute LPS sensitization and continuous infusion exacerbates hypoxic brain injury in a piglet model of neonatal encephalopathy', Scientific Reports, vol. 9, no. 1, 10184. https://doi.org/10.1038/s41598-019-46488-y

APA

Martinello, K. A., Meehan, C., Avdic-Belltheus, A., Lingam, I., Ragab, S., Hristova, M., Tann, C. J., Peebles, D., Hagberg, H., Wolfs, T. G. A. M., Klein, N., Tachtsidis, I., Golay, X., Kramer, B. W., Fleiss, B., Gressens, P., & Robertson, N. J. (2019). Acute LPS sensitization and continuous infusion exacerbates hypoxic brain injury in a piglet model of neonatal encephalopathy. Scientific Reports, 9(1), [10184]. https://doi.org/10.1038/s41598-019-46488-y

Vancouver

Martinello KA, Meehan C, Avdic-Belltheus A, Lingam I, Ragab S, Hristova M et al. Acute LPS sensitization and continuous infusion exacerbates hypoxic brain injury in a piglet model of neonatal encephalopathy. Scientific Reports. 2019 Dec 1;9(1). 10184. https://doi.org/10.1038/s41598-019-46488-y

Author

Martinello, Kathryn A ; Meehan, Christopher ; Avdic-Belltheus, Adnan ; Lingam, Ingran ; Ragab, Sara ; Hristova, Mariya ; Tann, Cally J ; Peebles, Donald ; Hagberg, Henrik ; Wolfs, Tim G A M ; Klein, Nigel ; Tachtsidis, Ilias ; Golay, Xavier ; Kramer, Boris W ; Fleiss, Bobbi ; Gressens, Pierre ; Robertson, Nicola J. / Acute LPS sensitization and continuous infusion exacerbates hypoxic brain injury in a piglet model of neonatal encephalopathy. In: Scientific Reports. 2019 ; Vol. 9, No. 1.

Bibtex Download

@article{8afab3d9f5df4aa683300a365dcb60a0,
title = "Acute LPS sensitization and continuous infusion exacerbates hypoxic brain injury in a piglet model of neonatal encephalopathy",
abstract = "Co-existing infection/inflammation and birth asphyxia potentiate the risk of developing neonatal encephalopathy (NE) and adverse outcome. In a newborn piglet model we assessed the effect of E. coli lipopolysaccharide (LPS) infusion started 4 h prior to and continued for 48 h after hypoxia on brain cell death and systemic haematological changes compared to LPS and hypoxia alone. LPS sensitized hypoxia resulted in an increase in mortality and in brain cell death (TUNEL positive cells) throughout the whole brain, and in the internal capsule, periventricular white matter and sensorimotor cortex. LPS alone did not increase brain cell death at 48 h, despite evidence of neuroinflammation, including the greatest increases in microglial proliferation, reactive astrocytosis and cleavage of caspase-3. LPS exposure caused splenic hypertrophy and platelet count suppression. The combination of LPS and hypoxia resulted in the highest and most sustained systemic white cell count increase. These findings highlight the significant contribution of acute inflammation sensitization prior to an asphyxial insult on NE illness severity.",
author = "Martinello, {Kathryn A} and Christopher Meehan and Adnan Avdic-Belltheus and Ingran Lingam and Sara Ragab and Mariya Hristova and Tann, {Cally J} and Donald Peebles and Henrik Hagberg and Wolfs, {Tim G A M} and Nigel Klein and Ilias Tachtsidis and Xavier Golay and Kramer, {Boris W} and Bobbi Fleiss and Pierre Gressens and Robertson, {Nicola J}",
year = "2019",
month = dec,
day = "1",
doi = "10.1038/s41598-019-46488-y",
language = "English",
volume = "9",
journal = "Scientific Reports",
issn = "2045-2322",
publisher = "Nature Publishing Group",
number = "1",

}

RIS (suitable for import to EndNote) Download

TY - JOUR

T1 - Acute LPS sensitization and continuous infusion exacerbates hypoxic brain injury in a piglet model of neonatal encephalopathy

AU - Martinello, Kathryn A

AU - Meehan, Christopher

AU - Avdic-Belltheus, Adnan

AU - Lingam, Ingran

AU - Ragab, Sara

AU - Hristova, Mariya

AU - Tann, Cally J

AU - Peebles, Donald

AU - Hagberg, Henrik

AU - Wolfs, Tim G A M

AU - Klein, Nigel

AU - Tachtsidis, Ilias

AU - Golay, Xavier

AU - Kramer, Boris W

AU - Fleiss, Bobbi

AU - Gressens, Pierre

AU - Robertson, Nicola J

PY - 2019/12/1

Y1 - 2019/12/1

N2 - Co-existing infection/inflammation and birth asphyxia potentiate the risk of developing neonatal encephalopathy (NE) and adverse outcome. In a newborn piglet model we assessed the effect of E. coli lipopolysaccharide (LPS) infusion started 4 h prior to and continued for 48 h after hypoxia on brain cell death and systemic haematological changes compared to LPS and hypoxia alone. LPS sensitized hypoxia resulted in an increase in mortality and in brain cell death (TUNEL positive cells) throughout the whole brain, and in the internal capsule, periventricular white matter and sensorimotor cortex. LPS alone did not increase brain cell death at 48 h, despite evidence of neuroinflammation, including the greatest increases in microglial proliferation, reactive astrocytosis and cleavage of caspase-3. LPS exposure caused splenic hypertrophy and platelet count suppression. The combination of LPS and hypoxia resulted in the highest and most sustained systemic white cell count increase. These findings highlight the significant contribution of acute inflammation sensitization prior to an asphyxial insult on NE illness severity.

AB - Co-existing infection/inflammation and birth asphyxia potentiate the risk of developing neonatal encephalopathy (NE) and adverse outcome. In a newborn piglet model we assessed the effect of E. coli lipopolysaccharide (LPS) infusion started 4 h prior to and continued for 48 h after hypoxia on brain cell death and systemic haematological changes compared to LPS and hypoxia alone. LPS sensitized hypoxia resulted in an increase in mortality and in brain cell death (TUNEL positive cells) throughout the whole brain, and in the internal capsule, periventricular white matter and sensorimotor cortex. LPS alone did not increase brain cell death at 48 h, despite evidence of neuroinflammation, including the greatest increases in microglial proliferation, reactive astrocytosis and cleavage of caspase-3. LPS exposure caused splenic hypertrophy and platelet count suppression. The combination of LPS and hypoxia resulted in the highest and most sustained systemic white cell count increase. These findings highlight the significant contribution of acute inflammation sensitization prior to an asphyxial insult on NE illness severity.

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=85069454898&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1038/s41598-019-46488-y

DO - 10.1038/s41598-019-46488-y

M3 - Article

C2 - 31308390

VL - 9

JO - Scientific Reports

JF - Scientific Reports

SN - 2045-2322

IS - 1

M1 - 10184

ER -

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