King's College London

Research portal

Acute regulation of plasma leptin by isoprenaline in lean and obese fasted subjects

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

K C R Baynes, M D Nicholas, F Shojaee-Moradie, A M Umpleby, M G Giannoulis

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)412 - 418
Number of pages7
JournalDIABETES OBESITY AND METABOLISM
Volume8
Issue number4
DOIs
PublishedJul 2006

King's Authors

Abstract

Aim: In human obesity, there is some evidence for impaired adrenergic sensitivity with respect to catecholamine-induced lipolysis. The beta-adrenoceptor agonist isoprenaline has been shown to suppress plasma leptin levels in lean humans in vivo. We hypothesized that a reduced adrenergic sensitivity in obese humans would result in impaired suppression of leptin secretion. Methods: Eight obese [Ob, body mass index (BMI) = 33.3 kg/m(2)] and seven lean (Ln, BMI = 21.8 kg/m(2)) men were studied after an overnight fast. Intravenous isoprenaline infusion was initiated at a rate of 8 ng/kg/min, titrated up to 24 ng/kg/min over 30 min and continued at this rate for a further 120 min with continuous electrocardiogram monitoring. Results: Baseline fasting plasma leptin was higher in obese compared with lean subjects (Ob 12.2 +/- 1.8, Ln 2.6 +/- 0.6 ng/ml, p <0.05 unpaired t-test). Baseline fasting glycerol as a measure of lipolysis was similar in both groups (Ob 62.9 +/- 7.6, Ln 42.4 +/- 8.9 mu mol/l) and increased from baseline to 150 min by equivalent amounts (Ob +66.9%, Ln +81.2%, p = NS). Plasma leptin decreased from baseline to 150 min with similar relative changes in both groups (Ob -29.2%, Ln -27.8%). Conclusions: Obese subjects show a similar lipolytic and leptin response to acute isoprenaline infusion compared with lean subjects. Impaired beta-adrenergic-induced inhibition of leptin secretion does not appear to contribute to hyperleptinaemia in obese human subjects

View graph of relations

© 2020 King's College London | Strand | London WC2R 2LS | England | United Kingdom | Tel +44 (0)20 7836 5454