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Adaptation of the WHO group interpersonal therapy for people living with HIV/AIDS in Northwest Ethiopia: A qualitative study

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Biksegn Asrat, Crick Lund, Fentie Ambaw, Marguerite Schneider

Original languageEnglish
Article numbere0238321
Pages (from-to)e0238321
JournalPLoS ONE
Issue number8 August
PublishedAug 2020

King's Authors


BACKGROUND: Psychological treatments improve depressive symptoms in people living with HIV/AIDS (PLWHA). Adaptation of treatments should be based on explanatory models of depression and other elements within the given context. AIM: This study aimed to examine explanatory models of depression and acceptable approaches for implementation of group IPT in Northwest Ethiopia. METHODS: Qualitative data were collected from April to May 2019 from case managers, adherence supporters and service users using focus group discussion and analysed thematically. RESULTS: PLWHA attributed depression to psychosocial problems, spiritual factors and biological factors. Depression had several impacts at individual and family level. Group-based interpersonal therapy (IPT) was acceptable if provided by trained peer counselors. CONCLUSION: The current study findings informed how to conduct feasibility and acceptability trials of group IPT in the HIV population in Ethiopia.

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