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Adaptive statistical iterative reconstruction (ASIR) affects CT radiomics quantification in primary colorectal cancer

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Davide Prezzi, Katarzyna Owczarczyk, Paul Bassett, Muhammad Siddique, David J. Breen, Gary J.R. Cook, Vicky Goh

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)5227-5235
Number of pages9
JournalEuropean Radiology
Volume29
Issue number10
Early online date18 Mar 2019
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Oct 2019

King's Authors

Abstract

Objectives: To investigate whether adaptive statistical iterative reconstruction (ASIR), a hybrid iterative CT image reconstruction algorithm, affects radiomics feature quantification in primary colorectal cancer compared to filtered back projection. Additionally, to establish whether radiomics from single-slice analysis undergo greater change than those from multi-slice analysis. Methods: Following review board approval, contrast-enhanced CT studies from 32 prospective primary colorectal cancer patients were reconstructed with 20% ASIR level increments, from 0 to 100%. Radiomics analysis was applied to single-slice and multi-slice regions of interest outlining the tumour: 70 features, including statistical (first-, second- and high-order) and fractal radiomics, were generated per dataset. The effect of ASIR was calculated by means of multilevel linear regression. Results: Twenty-eight CT datasets were suitable for analysis. Incremental ASIR levels determined a significant change (p < 0.001) in most statistical radiomics features, best described by a simple linear relationship. First-order statistical features, including mean, standard deviation, skewness, kurtosis, energy and entropy, underwent a relatively small change in both single-slice and multi-slice analysis (median standardised effect size B = 0.08). Second-order statistical features, including grey-level co-occurrence and difference matrices, underwent a greater change in single-slice analysis (median B = 0.36) than in multi-slice analysis (median B = 0.13). Fractal features underwent a significant change only in single-slice analysis (median B = 0.49). Conclusions: Incremental levels of ASIR affect significantly CT radiomics quantification in primary colorectal cancer. Second-order statistical and fractal features derived from single-slice analysis undergo greater change than those from multi-slice analysis. Key Points: • Incremental levels of ASIR determine a significant change in most statistical (first-, second- and high-order) CT radiomics features measured in primary colorectal cancer, best described by a linear relationship. • First-order statistical features undergo a small change, both from single-slice and multi-slice radiomics analyses. • Most second-order statistical features undergo a greater change in single-slice analysis than in multi-slice analysis. Fractal features are only affected in single-slice analysis.

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