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Adjuvant therapy following oesophagectomy for adenocarcinoma in patients with a positive resection margin

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R. K. Bott, K. Beckmann, J. Zylstra, M. J. Wilkinson, W. R.C. Knight, C. R. Baker, M. Kelly, N. Maisey, A. Qureshi, T. Sevitt, M. Van Hemelrijck, E. C. Smyth, W. H. Allum, J. Lagergren, J. A. Gossage, D. Cunningham, A. R. Davies, R. McEwan, A. Jacques, N. Griffin & 20 more V. Goh, S. Ngan, K. Owczarczyk, H. Deere, M. Green, F. Chang, U. Mahadeva, B. Gill-Barman, S. George, J. Meenan, M. Hill, J. Waters, M. Cominos, O. Hynes, A. Coombes, G. Tham, C. Iezzi, A. Reyhani, J. M. Dunn, S. S. Zeki

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1801-1810
Number of pages10
JournalBritish Journal of Surgery
Volume107
Issue number13
DOIs
Accepted/In press1 Jan 2020
PublishedDec 2020

King's Authors

Abstract

Background: The role of adjuvant therapy in patients with oesophagogastric adenocarcinoma treated by neoadjuvant chemotherapy is contentious. In UK practice, surgical resection margin status is often used to classify patients for receiving adjuvant treatment. The aim of this study was to assess the survival benefit of adjuvant therapy in patients with positive (R1) resection margins. Methods: Two prospectively collected UK institutional databases were combined to identify eligible patients. Adjusted Cox regression analyses were used to compare overall and recurrence-free survival according to adjuvant treatment. Recurrence patterns were assessed as a secondary outcome. Propensity score-matched analysis was also performed. Results: Of 616 patients included in the combined database, 242 patients who had an R1 resection were included in the study. Of these, 112 patients (46·3 per cent) received adjuvant chemoradiotherapy, 46 (19·0 per cent) were treated with adjuvant chemotherapy and 84 (34·7 per cent) had no adjuvant treatment. In adjusted analysis, adjuvant chemoradiotherapy improved recurrence-free survival (hazard ratio (HR) 0·59, 95 per cent c.i. 0·38 to 0·94; P = 0·026), with a benefit in terms of both local (HR 0·48, 0·24 to 0·99; P = 0·047) and systemic (HR 0·56, 0·33 to 0·94; P = 0·027) recurrence. In analyses stratified by tumour response to neoadjuvant chemotherapy, non-responders (Mandard tumour regression grade 4–5) treated with adjuvant chemoradiotherapy had an overall survival benefit (HR 0·61, 0·38 to 0·97; P = 0·037). In propensity score-matched analysis, an overall survival benefit (HR 0·62, 0·39 to 0·98; P = 0·042) and recurrence-free survival benefit (HR 0·51, 0·30 to 0·87; P = 0·004) were observed for adjuvant chemoradiotherapy versus no adjuvant treatment. Conclusion: Adjuvant therapy may improve overall survival and recurrence-free survival after margin-positive resection. This pattern seems most pronounced with adjuvant chemoradiotherapy in non-responders to neoadjuvant chemotherapy.

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