Adolescents with conduct disorder: does anxiety make a difference?

Sheilagh Hodgins, Giorgio Barbareschi, Agne Larsson

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

    12 Citations (Scopus)


    Anxiety disorders (ADs) have traditionally been thought to protect against criminality. The present study examined 165 adolescents in treatment for substance misuse and 234 parents. The aims were to determine the prevalence of conduct disorder (CD) co-morbid with ADs and to identify characteristics that distinguished those with CD+AD, as compared to those with only AD or CD. Adolescents and parents completed diagnostic interviews and questionnaires. Official criminal records were obtained; 53.9% of the adolescents presented CD and 45% of them presented co-morbid AD. Adolescents with CD+AD, as compared to those with only AD, were more likely to have a record of delinquency, to have been maltreated by parents, and they obtained higher scores on the Psychopathy Check List: Youth Version (PCL:YV). Adolescents with CD+AD were similar to those with CD alone as to aggressive behavior, delinquency, substance misuse and PCL:YV scores. Adolescents with CD+AD engaged in violence and antisocial behavior similar to those with CD alone.
    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)669 - 691
    Number of pages23
    Issue number5
    Publication statusPublished - Oct 2011


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