Adverse response to cardiac resynchronisation therapy in patients with septal scar on cardiac MRI preventing a septal right ventricular lead position

Simon G. Duckett*, Matthew Ginks, Anoop Shetty, Senthil Kirubakaran, Julian Bostock, Stamatis Kapetanakis, Jaswinder Gill, Gerald Carr-White, Reza Razavi, Christopher Aldo Rinaldi

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

14 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Purpose 
Myocardial scar is an adverse factor when considering which patients are likely to respond to cardiac resynchronisation therapy (CRT). We hypothesized that septal scarring on magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) may be associated with a poor outcome from CRT, which may relate to the inability to place the right ventricular (RV) lead in the septum.

Methods 
Fifty patients (ejection fractions, 25+/-8%; 45 men, 62.8+/-14 years; 26 dilated cardiomyopathy; and 24 ischaemic cardiomyopathy (ICM)) receiving CRT underwent delayed enhancement cardiac MRI to assess location and burden of myocardial scar. Acute hemodynamic response (AHR) was evaluated at implant with a pressure wire in the left ventricular (LV) cavity. LV remodelling was determined by reduction in LV end-systolic volume at 6 months.

Results 
The presence of ICM with septal scar was associated with a poor acute and chronic response to CRT. This was predominantly due to a worse response in patients with septal scar. Patients without septal scar had a better AHR with a 26.7+/-28.9% rise in LV dP/dt(max) from baseline vs. -2.8+/-14.5% for patients with septal scar (P=0.01) with Biventricular (BIV) pacing. A greater proportion remodelled (56% vs. 20% (P=0.02)). Furthermore, only 33% of patients with septal scar had an RV septal lead compared with 66% with no septal scar (P=0.03).

Conclusions 
The presence of septal scar was associated with a poor acute and chronic response to CRT. This may relate to the inability to achieve a RV septal lead placement.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)151-160
Number of pages10
JournalJOURNAL OF INTERVENTIONAL CARDIAC ELECTROPHYSIOLOGY
Volume33
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Mar 2012

Keywords

  • Cardiac resynchronisation therapy
  • Heart failure
  • Right ventricle
  • Septal pacing
  • Remodelling: cardiac magnetic resonance imaging
  • CHRONIC ATRIAL-FIBRILLATION
  • CONGESTIVE-HEART-FAILURE
  • PRESSURE-VOLUME LOOPS
  • RESYNCHRONIZATION THERAPY
  • PACING SITES
  • ISCHEMIC CARDIOMYOPATHY
  • MAGNETIC-RESONANCE
  • SYSTOLIC FUNCTION
  • STIMULATION SITE
  • DUAL-CHAMBER

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