Age Estimation in the Living: Dental Age Estimation - Theory and Practice

G. Roberts*, V. Lucas, F. McDonald

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapterpeer-review

5 Citations (Scopus)


Dental age estimation (DAE) is the most accurate method of estimating age where a formal birth record is absent. Accurate DAE relies on a reference data set comprising dental panoramic tomographs (DPT) that provide images of all the tooth morphology types. For each tooth development stage (TDS) summary data are the count (n-tds), the mean (x-tds), and standard deviation (sd-tds). These data enable Normal distribution and Percentile summary data for each TDS. The DA for a single individual is calculated by taking the average of the TDS on the subject's DPT. This is the surrogate for chronological age.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationEncyclopedia of Forensic and Legal Medicine
Subtitle of host publicationSecond Edition
PublisherElsevier Inc.
Number of pages29
ISBN (Electronic)9780128000557
ISBN (Print)9780128000342
Publication statusPublished - 4 Nov 2015


  • Age assessment
  • Age estimation
  • Dental age
  • Dental development
  • Dental mineralization
  • Estimation
  • Mathematical model
  • Meta-analysis
  • Probability
  • Regression analysis
  • Tooth development stages
  • Weighted mean


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