AI-AIF: Artificial intelligence-based arterial input function for quantitative stress perfusion cardiac magnetic resonance

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

3 Citations (Scopus)
18 Downloads (Pure)

Abstract

Purpose:
One of the major challenges in the quantification of myocardial blood flow (MBF) from stress perfusion cardiac magnetic resonance (CMR) is the estimation of the arterial input function (AIF). This is due to the non-linear relationship between the concentration of gadolinium and the MR signal, which leads to signal saturation. In this work, we show that a deep learning model can be trained to predict the unsaturated AIF from standard images, using the reference dual-sequence acquisition AIFs (DS-AIFs) for training.
Methods:
A 1D U-Net was trained, to take the saturated AIF from the standard images as input and predict the unsaturated AIF, using the data from 201 patients from centre 1 and a test set was comprised of both an independent cohort of consecutive patients from centre 1 and an external cohort of patients from centre 2 (n=44). Fully-automated MBF was compared between the DS-AIF and AI-AIF methods using the Mann-Whitney U test and Bland-Altman analysis.
Results:
There was no statistical difference between the MBF quantified with the DS-AIF (2.77 ml/min/g (1.08)) and predicted with the AI-AIF (2.79 ml/min/g (1.08), p = 0.33. Bland-Altman analysis shows minimal bias between the DS-AIF and AI-AIF methods for quantitative MBF (bias of -0.11 ml/min/g). Additionally, the MBF diagnosis classification of the AI-AIF matched the DS-AIF in 669/704 (95 %) of myocardial segments.
Conclusion:
Quantification of stress perfusion CMR is feasible with a single-sequence acquisition and a single contrast injection using an AI-based correction of the AIF.
Original languageEnglish
JournalEuropean Heart Journal Digital Health
DOIs
Publication statusAccepted/In press - 31 Oct 2022

Fingerprint

Dive into the research topics of 'AI-AIF: Artificial intelligence-based arterial input function for quantitative stress perfusion cardiac magnetic resonance'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this