Alcohol consumption as a risk factor for anxiety and depression - Results from the longitudinal follow-up of the National Psychiatric Morbidity Survey

J C Haynes, M Farrell, N Singleton, H Meltzer, R Araya, G Lewis, N J Wiles

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87 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Background Longitudinal studies have been inconclusive in identifying alcohol as a risk factor for anxiety and depression. Aims To examine whether excessive alcohol consumption is a risk factor for anxiety and depression in the general population, and whether anxiety and depression are risk factors for excessive alcohol consumption. Method Data were analysed from the 18-month follow-up of the Psychiatric Morbidity Among Adults Living in Private Households, 2000 survey. Results Hazardous and dependent drinking were not associated with onset of anxiety and depression at follow-up. Binge-drinking was non-significantly associated with incident anxiety and depression (adjusted OR=1.36,95% Cl 0.74-2.50). Abstainers were less likely to have new-onset anxiety and depression at follow-up. Anxiety and depression or subthreshold symptoms at baseline were not associated with incident hazardous or binge-drinking at follow-up, but there was weak evidence linking sub-threshold symptoms with onset of alcohol dependence (adjusted OR=2.04,95% Cl 0.84-4.97). Conclusions Excessive alcohol consumption was not associated with the onset of anxiety and depression but abstinence was associated with a lower risk. Sub-threshold symptoms were weakly associated with new-onset alcohol dependence. Declaration of interest None. Funding detailed in Acknowledgements
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)544 - 551
Number of pages8
JournalBritish Journal of Psychiatry
Volume187
Issue numberDEC.
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Dec 2005

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