Altered social hedonic processing in eating disorders

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145 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Objective:
Exploring social anhedonia in eating disorders (ED) was the main objective of this study. Social anhedonia relates to a reduced feeling of pleasure from social stimulation. Researching the exact nature of problems in interpersonal relationships is an important topic for clinicians and researchers in the field.

Method:
The revised social anhedonia scale was completed by 148 participants: anorexia nervosa (AN) n = 72; bulimia nervosa (BN) n = 19; recovered AN n = 14; healthy controls (HC) n = 43. Participants also completed mood related measures and the Toronto Alexythimia scale.

Results:
People with AN and BN had higher self-reported social anhedonia than people without ED. Recovered AN had an intermediate profile in between AN and HC. Clinical severity and alexithymia were strongly associated with social anhedonia scores.

Discussion:
Difficulty identifying and expressing feelings could be related to this diminished drive for social pleasure. Tackling these interpersonal maintaining factors in treatment is likely to be a worthwhile endeavor.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)962-969
Number of pages8
JournalInternational Journal of Eating Disorders
Volume45
Issue number8
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Dec 2012

Keywords

  • Adolescent
  • Adult
  • Affect
  • Affective Symptoms
  • Anhedonia
  • Anorexia Nervosa
  • Anxiety Disorders
  • Bulimia Nervosa
  • Comorbidity
  • Depressive Disorder
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Personality Inventory
  • Psychometrics
  • Reference Values
  • Reproducibility of Results

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